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Bank ownership and credit over the business cycle: Is lending by state banks less procyclical?

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  • Bertay, Ata Can
  • Demirguc-Kunt, Asli
  • Huizinga, Harry

Abstract

This paper finds that lending by state banks is less procyclical than lending by private banks, especially in countries with good governance. Lending by state banks in high income countries is even countercyclical. On the liability side, state banks expand potentially unstable non-deposit liabilities relatively little during booms, especially in countries with good governance. Public banks also report loan non-performance more evenly over the business cycle. Overall our results suggest that state banks can play a useful role in stabilizing credit over the business cycle as well as during periods of financial instability. However, the track record of state banks in credit allocation remains quite poor, questioning the wisdom of using state banks as a short term counter-cyclical tool.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 9034.

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Date of creation: Jul 2012
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:9034

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Keywords: lending; procyclicality; state banks;

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Citations

Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Use state banks to stabilize the business cycle
    by Economic Logician in Economic Logic on 2012-07-19 14:18:00
Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
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Cited by:
  1. Brei, Michael & Schclarek, Alfredo, 2013. "Public bank lending in times of crisis," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 820-830.
  2. Michiel Bijlsma & Andrei Dubovik, 2014. "Banks, Financial Markets and Growth in Developed Countries: a Survey of the empirical literature," CPB Discussion Paper 266, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
  3. Vernikov, Andrei, 2012. "«Национальные Чемпионы» В Структуре Российского Рынка Банковских Услуг
    [National champions and the competitive structure of the Russia
    ," MPRA Paper 40236, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Adams-Kane, Jonathon & Caballero, Julian A. & Lim, Jamus Jerome, 2013. "Foreign bank behavior during financial crises," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6590, The World Bank.
  5. Eichengreen, Barry & Gupta, Poonam, 2013. "The financial crisis and Indian banks: Survival of the fittest?," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 138-152.
  6. Fungáčová, Zuzana & Herrala, Risto & Weill, Laurent, 2013. "The influence of bank ownership on credit supply: Evidence from the recent financial crisis," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 15(C), pages 136-147.
  7. Ugo Panizza, 2013. "Financial Development and Economic Growth: Known Knowns, Known Unknowns, and Unknown Unknowns," IHEID Working Papers 14-2013, Economics Section, The Graduate Institute of International Studies.
  8. Cihak, Martin & Demirguc-Kunt, Asli, 2013. "Rethinking the state's role in finance," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6400, The World Bank.

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