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Bank Ownership and Performance Does Politics Matter?

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  • Alejandro Micco
  • Ugo Panizza
  • Monica Yañez

Abstract

This paper uses a new dataset to reassess the relationship between bank ownership and bank performance, providing separate estimations for developing and industrial countries. It finds that state-owned banks located in developing countries tend to have lower profitability and higher costs than their private counterparts, and that the opposite is true for foreign-owned banks. The paper finds no strong correlation between ownership and performance for banks located in industrial countries. Next, the paper tests whether the differential in performance between public and private banks is driven by political considerations by checking whether this differential widens during election years; it finds strong support for this hypothesis.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Central Bank of Chile in its series Working Papers Central Bank of Chile with number 356.

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Date of creation: Dec 2005
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Handle: RePEc:chb:bcchwp:356

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  1. Micco, Alejandro & Panizza, Ugo, 2006. "Bank Ownership and Lending Behavior," POLIS Working Papers 61, Institute of Public Policy and Public Choice - POLIS.
  2. Arturo Galindo & Alejandro Micco & César Manuel Serra, 2003. "Better the Devil that You Know: Evidence on Entry Costs Faced by Foreign Banks," Research Department Publications 4313, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
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