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Absorptive Capacity, R&D Spillovers and Public Policy

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  • Leahy, Dermot
  • Neary, J Peter

Abstract

Empirical evidence strongly suggests that R&D increases a firm’s ‘absorptive capacity’ (its ability to absorb spillovers from other firms) as well as contributing directly to profitability. We explore the theoretical implications of this. We specify a general model of the absorptive capacity process and show that costly absorption both raises the effectiveness of own R&D and lowers the effective spillover coefficient. This weakens the case for encouraging research joint ventures, even if there is complete information sharing between its members. It also implies an additional strategic pay-off to policies that raise the level of extra-industry knowledge.

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Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 4171.

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Date of creation: Jan 2004
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:4171

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Keywords: absorptive capacity of R&D; competition policy; industrial policy; R&D spillovers; research joint ventures;

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  1. Keller, Wolfgang, 1996. "Absorptive capacity: On the creation and acquisition of technology in development," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 199-227, April.
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  3. Leahy, Dermot & Neary, J Peter, 1995. "Public Policy Towards R&D in Oligopolistic Industries," CEPR Discussion Papers 1243, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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  17. Seade, Jesus, 1980. "The stability of cournot revisited," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 15-27, August.
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