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Temporary trade and heterogeneous firms

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  • Gábor Békés
  • Balázs Muraközy

Abstract

Using Hungarian firm-level export data, we show that about one third of firm-destination and about one half of firm-product-destination export spells are short-lived, or temporary, in each year. This is inconsistent with theories where comparative advantage is stable and market entry costs are sunk. We show how endogenous choice between variable and sunk cost trade technologies can explain the empirical importance and some characteristics of temporary trade. We build a simple model in which the likelihood of temporary trade, defined by a simple filter, depends on productivity and capital cost of the firm as well as well known gravity variables of destinations. These predictions are borne out by the data; the likelihood of temporary trade rises with lower productivity, higher capital cost of the firm, further location and larger GDP of destination countries.

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File URL: http://www.cepr.org/meets/wkcn/2/2433/papers/MurakozyFinal-P.pdf
File Function: Temporary Trade - [pdf]
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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jinteco.2011.12.007
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Center for Firms in the Global Economy in its series CeFiG Working Papers with number 6.

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Date of creation: 13 Feb 2011
Date of revision: 13 Feb 2011
Handle: RePEc:cfg:cfigwp:6

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Cited by:
  1. Andreas Kropf & Philip Ulrich Sauré, 2012. "Fixed Costs per Shipment," Working Papers 2012-13, Swiss National Bank.
  2. Roberto Ramos & Enrique Moral-Benito, 2013. "Agglomeration matters for trade," Banco de Espa�a Working Papers 1316, Banco de Espa�a.
  3. Persson, Maria & Gullstrand, Joakim, 2013. "How to Combine High Sunk Costs of Exporting and Low Export Survival," Working Paper Series 962, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
  4. Dick Nuwamanya Kamuganga, 2012. "What Drives Africa's Export Diversification?," IHEID Working Papers 15-2012, Economics Section, The Graduate Institute of International Studies.

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