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Crecimiento Económico y Gasto Público: Un Modelo para el Caso Colombiano

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  • Carlos Esteban Posada

    ()

  • Wilman Gómez

    ()

Abstract

La tasa de crecimiento económico puede estar positivamente relacionada con el gasto público en capital humano e infraestructura física. pero el gasto público tiene un costo de oportunidad, así que debe existir un nivel óptimo de tal gasto. En este documento se presenta un modelo de crecimiento económico con gasto público en esos rubros y los resultados de las simulaciones con aquel para estimar o evaluar, en el caso colombiano:1)los niveles óptimos del gasto público en capital humano e infraestructura, 2)la pérdida de bienestar social derivada de financiar el gasto público con impuestos que distorsionan la asignación de los recursos, 3) los tiempos requeridos y las velocidades de convergencia al estado estable a partir de situaciones alejadas de éste y 4) la importancia relativa de dos motores principales del crecimiento económico: la acumulación de acervos productivos (en capital físico individual, capital humano e infraestructura) y el cambio técnico no incorporado y exógeno.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Borradores de Economia with number 218.

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Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:218

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Keywords: Crecimiento económico; cambio técnico; capital humano; infraestructura; gasto público; impuestos bienestar.;

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Cited by:
  1. Wilman Gómez & Carlos Esteban Posada, . "Un "Choque" del Activo Externo Neto y el Ciclo Económico Colombiano," Borradores de Economia 285, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  2. Gómez Muñoz, Wilman & Rhenals M., Remberto, 2007. "Un cálculo del déficit fiscal estructural: análisis y una propuesta metodológica," PERFIL DE COYUNTURA ECONÓMICA, UNIVERSIDAD DE ANTIOQUIA - CIE.
  3. Jesús Antonio Bejarano Rojas, 2005. "Estimación Estructural Y Análisis De La Curva De Phillips Neokeynesiana Para Colombia," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE.
  4. Alvis, Camilo & Castrillón, Cristian, 2011. "Tamaño óptimo del gasto público colombiano: una aproximación desde la teoría del crecimiento endógeno," BORRADORES DEPARTAMENTO DE ECONOMÍA 008986, UNIVERSIDAD DE ANTIOQUIA - CIE.
  5. Carlos Esteban Posada Posada & Wilman Gómez, 2004. "Un choque del activo externo neto y el ciclo económico Colombiano 1994-2001," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 003674, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  6. Carlos Esteban Posada, 2002. "Modelos de crecimiento y estilos de desarrollo: varias precisiones y una conjetura," REVISTA APUNTES DEL CENES, UNIVERSIDAD PEDAGOGICA Y TECNOLOGICA DE COLOMBIA.

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