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Estimating Policy-Neutral Interest Rates for Canada Using a Dynamic Stochastic General-Equilibrium Framework

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  • Jean-Paul Lam

Abstract

In an era when the primary policy instrument is the level of the short-term interest rate, a comparison of that rate with some equilibrium rate can be a useful guide for policy and a convenient method to measure the stance of monetary policy. The real interest rate gap—the difference between the real equilibrium rate and the rate set by the central bank—can thus serve as a leading indicator of future inflationary or deflationary pressures in the economy. The authors estimate equilibrium interest rates for Canada using a sticky-price dynamic stochastic generalequilibrium model. They follow closely the methodology of Neiss and Nelson (2003) and derive measures of the interest rate gap for Canada. Their results indicate that the interest rate gap can be a useful guide for policy and is a good indicator of future output and inflation. The authors also find that their measures of the interest rate gap perform as well as the yield spread, a typical measure of policy stance that is assumed to contain significant information about future economic activity.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Bank of Canada in its series Working Papers with number 04-9.

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Length: 48 pages
Date of creation: 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:bca:bocawp:04-9

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Keywords: Interest rates;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Rodrigo Fuentes S & Fabián Gredig U., 2008. "The Neutral Interest Rate: Estimates for Chile," Journal Economía Chilena (The Chilean Economy), Central Bank of Chile, vol. 11(2), pages 47-58, August.
  2. Juan José Echavarría & Enrique López Enciso & Martha Misas Arango & Juana Tellez Corredor, 2006. "La Tasa de Interés Natural en Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 003088, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  3. Roman Horvath, 2007. "The Time-Varying Policy Neutral Rate in Real Time: A Predictor for Future Inflation?," Working Papers 2007/4, Czech National Bank, Research Department.
  4. Cour-Thimann, Philippine & Pilegaard, Rasmus & Stracca, Livio, 2006. "The output gap and the real interest rate gap in the euro area, 1960-2003," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 28(7), pages 775-790, October.
  5. Nicolas E. Magud & Evridiki Tsounta, 2012. "To Cut or Not to Cut? That is the (Central Bank’s) Question In Search of the Neutral Interest Rate in Latin America," IMF Working Papers 12/243, International Monetary Fund.
  6. Berger, Tino & Kempa, Bernd, 2014. "Time-varying equilibrium rates in small open economies: Evidence for Canada," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 39(PA), pages 203-214.
  7. Paul Castillo & Carlos Montoro & Vicente Tuesta, 2006. "Measuring the Natural Interest Rate for the Peruvian Economy," Working Papers 2006-003, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.

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