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Rendimientos sociales de la educación en México 2005-2010

In: Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación 6

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Author Info

  • Edna Maria Villarreal Peralta

    ()
    (Univesidad Autonoma de Barcelona)

Abstract

Un buen número de trabajos que estudian la relación existente entre educación e ingresos demuestra que los individuos más educados perciben mayores ingresos, evidenciando la presencia de rendimientos privados de la educación. Sin embargo, los rendimientos sociales y su relación con las externalidades han sido poco investigados, por lo que su identificación se convierte en un tema por demás relevante. Nuestro objetivo radica en la estimación de los rendimientos sociales empleando la tradicional ecuación minceriana ampliada, así como también comparar las estimaciones entre Mínimos Cuadrados Ordinarios y Variables instrumentales para los estados mexicanos del año 2005 y 2010. Por otro lado, con el propósito de reducir el sesgo de endogenedidad de la escolaridad individual y promedio realizamos estimaciones con variables instrumentales. Para la primera variable utilizamos el trimestre de nacimiento, y para la segunda la reforma educativa de 1993 que promulgó la obligatoriedad de la educación secundaria. Los datos utilizados se obtienen de la Encuesta Nacional de Ocupación y Empleo (2005-2010) y de los Indicadores Educativos publicados por la Secretaría de Educación Pública. El aporte principal del presente trabajo es la utilización por primera vez de estas variables instrumentales en el caso mexicano que pueden servir para la reflexión y contraste con la evidencia empírica disponible.

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This chapter was published in:

  • Antonio Caparrós Ruiz (ed.), 2011. "Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación," E-books Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación, Asociación de Economía de la Educación, edition 1, volume 6, number 06, 8.
    This item is provided by Asociación de Economía de la Educación in its series Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación volume 6 with number 06-55.

    Handle: RePEc:aec:ieed06:06-55

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    Web page: http://www.economicsofeducation.com
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    Related research

    Keywords: capital humano; externalidades; rendimientos sociales;

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