Does Education Reduce Blood Pressure? Estimating the Biomarker Effect of Compulsory Schooling in England
AbstractThis paper is the first of its kind to estimate the exogenous effect of schooling on reduced blood pressure and the incidence of hypertension. Using the changes of the minimum school-leaving age in the United Kingdom from age 14 to 15 in 1947, and from age 15 to 16 in 1973, as instruments, the IV-probit estimates imply that completing an extra year of schooling reduces the probability of developing subsequent hypertension by approximately 5%-11% points. The correct estimates of the LATE for schooling indicate the presence of a large and negative bias in the least square/probit estimates of schooling-health relationship.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Department of Economics, University of York in its series Discussion Papers with number 09/14.
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Postal: Department of Economics and Related Studies, University of York, York, YO10 5DD, United Kingdom
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blood pressure; compulsory schooling; biomarker; IV; hypertension; health;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- H1 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government
- I1 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health
- I2 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2009-08-08 (All new papers)
- NEP-EDU-2009-08-08 (Education)
- NEP-HEA-2009-08-08 (Health Economics)
- NEP-LAB-2009-08-08 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-URE-2009-08-08 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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- Edna Maria Villarreal Peralta, 2011. "Rendimientos sociales de la educación en México 2005-2010," Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación volume 6, in: Antonio Caparrós Ruiz (ed.), Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación 6, edition 1, volume 6, chapter 55, pages 898-916 Asociación de Economía de la Educación.
- Philip Oreopoulos & Kjell G. Salvanes, 2011. "Priceless: The Nonpecuniary Benefits of Schooling," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 25(1), pages 159-84, Winter.
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