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Aquaculture, fisheries, poverty and food security

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  • Allison, E.H.
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    Abstract

    Fisheries and aquaculture play important roles in providing food and income in many developing countries, either as a stand-alone activity or in association with crop agriculture and livestock rearing. The aim of this paper is to identify how these contributions of fisheries and aquaculture to poverty reduction and food security can be enhanced while also addressing the need for a sustainability transition in over-exploited and over-capitalized capture fisheries, and for improved environmental performance and distributive justice in a rapidly growing aquaculture sector. The focus of the paper is on the poverty and food security concerns of developing countries, with an emphasis on the least developed. The emphasis is on food security rather than poverty reduction policies and strategies, although the two are of course related. The food security agenda is very much to the fore at present; fish prices rose along with other food prices in 2007-8 and as fish provide important nutritional benefits to the poor, food security has become a primary concern for sector policy.

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    Bibliographic Info

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    This book is provided by The WorldFish Center in its series Working Papers with number 39575 and published in 2011.

    Handle: RePEc:wfi:wfbook:39575

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    Related research

    Keywords: Aquaculture; Food security; Fisheries; Nutrition;

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    References

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    1. Ravallion, Martin, 2001. "Growth, inequality, and poverty : looking beyond averages," Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank 2558, The World Bank.
    2. Thorpe, Andy & Reid, Chris & van Anrooy, Raymon & Brugere, Cecile & Becker, Denis, 2006. "Asian development and poverty reduction strategies: Integrating fisheries into the development discourse," Food Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 31(5), pages 385-400, October.
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    6. Brummett, Randall E. & Lazard, Jérôme & Moehl, John, 2008. "African aquaculture: Realizing the potential," Food Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 33(5), pages 371-385, October.
    7. Headey, Derek & Fan, Shenggen, 2008. "Anatomy of a crisis: The causes and consequences of surging food prices," IFPRI discussion papers, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) 831, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
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    15. Sowman, Merle & Cardoso, Paula, 2010. "Small-scale fisheries and food security strategies in countries in the Benguela Current Large Marine Ecosystem (BCLME) region: Angola, Namibia and South Africa," Marine Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 34(6), pages 1163-1170, November.
    16. Edward, Peter, 2006. "Examining Inequality: Who Really Benefits from Global Growth?," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 34(10), pages 1667-1695, October.
    17. Andrew Dyck & U. Sumaila, 2010. "Economic impact of ocean fish populations in the global fishery," Journal of Bioeconomics, Springer, Springer, vol. 12(3), pages 227-243, October.
    18. Thilsted, S.H. & Roos, N. & Hassan, N., 1997. "The role of small indigenous fish species in food and nutrition security in Bangladesh," Naga, The WorldFish Center, The WorldFish Center, vol. 20(3/4), pages 82-84;102-1.
    19. Stanley, Denise L., 2003. "The Economic Impact of Mariculture on a Small Regional Economy," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 31(1), pages 191-210, January.
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    21. Wiggins, Steve & Kirsten, Johann & Llambí, Luis, 2010. "The Future of Small Farms," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 38(10), pages 1341-1348, October.
    22. James Wilson & Jean Boncoeur, 2008. "Microeconomic Efficiencies and Macroeconomic Inefficiencies: On Sustainable Fisheries Policies in Very Poor Countries," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(4), pages 439-460.
    23. Tim Lankester, 2007. "Tim Lankester on Paul Collier, The Bottom Billion: Why the Poorest Countries Are Failing and What Can Be Done About It," World Economics, World Economics, Economic & Financial Publishing, 1 Ivory Square, Plantation Wharf, London, United Kingdom, SW11 3UE, World Economics, Economic & Financial Publishing, 1 Ivory Square, Plantation Wharf, London, United Kingdom, SW11 3UE, vol. 8(3), pages 195-199, July.
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    Cited by:
    1. Belton, Ben & van Asseldonk, Imke Josepha Mariana & Thilsted, Shakuntala Haraksingh, 2014. "Faltering fisheries and ascendant aquaculture: Implications for food and nutrition security in Bangladesh," Food Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 77-87.
    2. Mutimukuru-Maravanyika, T. & Asare, C. & Ameyaw, G. & Mills, D. & Agbogah, K., 2013. "Ghana coastal fisheries governance dialogue: Developing options for a legal framework for fisheries co-management in Ghana," Working Papers, The WorldFish Center, The WorldFish Center, number 40281.

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