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The effect of polytechnic reform on migration

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  • Petri Böckerman

    ()

  • Mika Haapanen

    ()

Abstract

This paper examines the effect of the polytechnic reform on geographical mobility. A polytechnic, higher education reform took place in Finland in the 1990s. It gradually transformed former vocational colleges into polytechnics and also brought higher education to regions that did not have a university before. This expansion of higher education provides exogenous variation in the regional supply of higher education. The reform raised the mobility of high school graduates across local labour markets in the years after they had completed their secondary studies, which indicated increased mobility between high school and post-secondary education. We estimate that the reform enhanced the annual migration rate of high school graduates by 1.2 percentage points over a 3-year follow-up period. This represents a substantial increase, because their baseline migration rate is 3.7 %. The effect fades several years after the completion of secondary studies. Copyright Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Springer in its journal Journal of Population Economics.

Volume (Year): 26 (2013)
Issue (Month): 2 (April)
Pages: 593-617

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Handle: RePEc:spr:jopoec:v:26:y:2013:i:2:p:593-617

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Related research

Keywords: Migration; School reform; High school graduates; Vocational education; Polytechnic education; J10; J61; I20; R23;

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Cited by:
  1. Haapanen, Mika & Böckerman, Petri, 2013. "Does Higher Education Enhance Migration?," IZA Discussion Papers 7754, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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