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La reciprocidad y la paradoja del votante

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  • Jorge Andrés Gallego

    ()
    (Universidad Nacional de Colombia)

Abstract

This article shows that for a citizen with reciprocal preferences, voting can be a rational act. Even in elections with many voters, when the probability of being the pivotal voter is close to zero, the utility generated by strong reciprocal sentiments can compensate the material costs of voting. This paper offers a behavioral model with social preferences that represents the conditions that make voting more attractive than abstention. Using the dynamics of replication to explore the voting game evolution, it concludes that positive reciprocal sentiments promote voting for the candidate in power, while negative reciprocity promotes abstention or voting for a rival candidate.

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File URL: http://www.uexternado.edu.co/facecono/ecoinstitucional/workingpapers/jgallego16.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía in its journal Revista de Economía Institucional.

Volume (Year): 9 (2007)
Issue (Month): 16 (January-June)
Pages: 149-188

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Handle: RePEc:rei:ecoins:v:9:y:2007:i:16:p:149-188

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Related research

Keywords: reciprocity; paradox of voting; social preferences; evolutionary games;

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References

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  1. Ernst Fehr & Klaus M. Schmidt, . "A Theory of Fairness, Competition and Cooperation," IEW - Working Papers 004, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich.
  2. Dufwenberg, M. & Kirchsteiger, G., 1998. "A Theory of Sequential Reciprocity," Discussion Paper 1998-37, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
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