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Appariement et rotation de la main-d'oeuvre : une analyse théorique et économétrique sur données de panel

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  • Yves Zénou
  • Gérard Ballot

Abstract

[fre] Appariement et rotation de la main-d'oeuvre : une analyse théorique et économétrique sur données de panel, . par Gérard Ballot, Yves Zénou.. . Un modèle susceptible de rendre compte des déterminants des démissions et des licenciements pour motif personnel, et particulièrement de leur diminution avec l'ancienneté, à salaire donné, est présenté et testé sur un panel d'entreprises françaises. On considère un salaire individuel rigide et des caractéristiques des salariés et des emplois observées progressivement. Les déterminants des deux flux différent. L'ancienneté a bien l'effet prédit mais le salaire n'a pas toujours le signe escompté. [spa] Apareamiento y rotación de la mano de obra : análisis teórico y econométrico a partir de datos de panel, . por Gérard Ballot y Yves Zénou.. . En este artículo se presenta y se somete a prueba, a partir de un panel de empresas francesas, un modelo que podría reflejar los factores que determinan las dimisiones y despidospor motivo personal, y en particular su disminución con la antigüedad, para un salario determinado. . Con este objeto, se considéra un salario individual rígido y determinadas características de los asalariados y de los empleos observados progresivamente. Los factores déterminantes de los dos flujos difieren. La antiguedad tiene efectivamente las consecuencias previstas, pero el salario no produce en todos los casos los efectos contemplados. [ger] Personalangleichung und rotation: eine theoretische und ökonometrische Analyse anhand von Panel-Daten, . von Gérard Ballot, Yves Zénou.. . Anhand eines Panels von französischen Unternehmen wird ein Modell präsentiert und getestet, das die Determinanten für die Kündigungen und Entlassungen der Arbeitnehmer aus persönlichen Gründen bei einem bestimmten Gehalt, insbesondere für ihre Abnahme mit zunehmender Betriebszugehörigkeit erklären kann. Ein Individuallohn von gleicher Höhe und die beobachteten Merkmale der Beschäftigten und Arbeitsplätze werden nacheinander untersucht. Die Determinanten der beiden Ströme unterscheiden sich. Während sich für die Betriebszugehörigkeit die vorhergesagte Auswirkung bestätigt, weist das Gehalt nicht immer das erwartete Zeichen auf. [eng] Job-Matching and Turnover: A Theoretical and Econometric Analysis on Panel Data, . by Gérard Ballot, Yves Zénou.. . A model which is likely to indicate the determinants of quits and dismissals, showing that, for a given salary, both decrease with seniority, was presented and tested on a panel of French firms. A rigid personal salary and gradually observed characteristics of wage-earners and jobs were examined. The determinants of the two flows are different. Seniority does have the effect it was expected to have but the salary does not always bear the expected sign.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

Volume (Year): 102 (1992)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 129-142

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Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_1992_num_102_1_5281

Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.1992.5281
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Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/ecop

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  1. Johnson, William R, 1978. "A Theory of Job Shopping," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 92(2), pages 261-78, May.
  2. Matthew Black, 1981. "An Empirical Test of the Theory of On-The-Job Search," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 16(1), pages 129-140.
  3. Guasch, J Luis & Weiss, Andrew, 1982. "An Equilibrium Analysis of Wage-Productivity Gaps," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 49(4), pages 485-97, October.
  4. Shapiro, Carl & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1984. "Equilibrium Unemployment as a Worker Discipline Device," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 74(3), pages 433-44, June.
  5. Gronau, Reuben, 1971. "Information and Frictional Unemployment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 61(3), pages 290-301, June.
  6. Jovanovic, Boyan, 1979. "Job Matching and the Theory of Turnover," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(5), pages 972-90, October.
  7. Mortensen, Dale T, 1988. "Wages, Separations, and Job Tenure: On-the-Job Specific Training or Matching?," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 6(4), pages 445-71, October.
  8. Borjas, George J & Goldberg, Matthew S, 1978. "The Economics of Job Search: A Comment," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 16(1), pages 119-25, January.
  9. Holmlund, Bertil & Lang, Harald, 1983. "Quit Behavior under Imperfect Information: Searching, Moving, Learning," Working Paper Series 100, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
  10. Viscusi, W Kip, 1979. "Job Hazards and Worker Quit Rates: An Analysis of Adaptive Worker Behavior," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 20(1), pages 29-58, February.
  11. Amemiya, Takeshi & Nold, Frederick C, 1975. "A Modified Logit Model: A Note," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 57(2), pages 255-57, May.
  12. Magnac, T. & Robin, J.M., 1990. "Les théories économiques de la mobiltté professionnelle," DELTA Working Papers 90-07, DELTA (Ecole normale supérieure).
  13. George A. Akerlof & Andrew K. Rose & Janet L. Yellen, 1988. "Job Switching and Job Satisfaction in the U.S. Labor Market," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 19(2), pages 495-594.
  14. Amemiya, Takeshi, 1981. "Qualitative Response Models: A Survey," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 19(4), pages 1483-1536, December.
  15. McKenna, Chris J, 1980. "Wage Offers, Layoffs and the Firm in an Uncertain Labour Market," The Manchester School of Economic & Social Studies, University of Manchester, vol. 48(3), pages 255-64, September.
  16. Parsons, Donald O., 1987. "The employment relationship: Job attachment, work effort, and the nature of contracts," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & R. Layard (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 14, pages 789-848 Elsevier.
  17. Medoff, James L, 1979. "Layoffs and Alternatives under Trade Unions in U.S. Manufacturing," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 69(3), pages 380-95, June.
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