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Túlképzés, alulképzés és bérhozam a magyar munkaerőpiacon, 1994-2002
[Over-education, under-education and wage premiums on the Hungarian labour market, 1994-2002]

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  • Galasi, Péter
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    Abstract

    A tanulmányban a túl-, illetve az alulképzés keresetekre gyakorolt hatását vizsgáltuk a magyar munkaerőpiacon az 1994 és 2002 közötti időszakban. Az iskolai végzettséget az elvégzett osztályok számával, az adott foglalkozás gyakorlásához szükséges iskolai végzettséget a foglalkozások modális iskolai végzettségével, a túl-, illetve az alulképzést a szükséges iskolai végzettséghez képest hiányzó, illetve többletosztályokkal közelítettük. Azt találtuk, hogy a szükséges és a többletosztályok bérhozama minden időpontban pozitív, továbbá a többletosztályok bérhozama két év kivételével alacsonyabb, mint a szükséges osztályoké, végül negatív, de a szükséges osztályok bérhozamánál abszolút értékben kisebb bérhozamot láttunk a hiányzó osztályok esetében. Ez azt jelenti, hogy 1. adott iskolai végzettség mellett (többnyire) az éppen szükséges iskolai végzettségű munkavállalók keresete a legmagasabb, 2. a túlképzett munkavállalók keresete (többnyire) alacsonyabb, mint az ugyanolyan iskolai végzettségű, de az iskolai végzettségüknek éppen megfelelő munkahelyen dolgozó munkavállalóké, ugyanakkor magasabb, mint a hasonló munkakörökben dolgozó, a munkakör követelményeinek éppen megfelelő, tehát náluk alacsonyabb iskolai végzettségű munkavállalóké, 3. az alulképzett munkavállalók keresete alacsonyabb, mint a hasonló munkakörökben dolgozó, a munkakör ellátásához éppen szükséges (magasabb) iskolai végzettséggel rendelkező munkavállalóké, de magasabb, mint az azonos iskolai végzettségű, az iskolai végzettségüknek éppen megfelelő munkakörökben dolgozóké. A vizsgált időszakban a túlképzett munkavállalók aránya 11 százalékról 24 százalékra nőtt. Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) kód: I20, J24, J41.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation) in its journal Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences).

    Volume (Year): LI (2004)
    Issue (Month): 5 ()
    Pages: 449-471

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    Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:683

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    Cited by:
    1. Kertesi, Gábor & Varga, Júlia, 2005. "Foglalkoztatás és iskolázottság Magyarországon
      [Employment and educational attainment in Hungary]
      ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(7), pages 633-662.
    2. Karoly Fazekas & Gabor Kezdi (ed.), 2007. "The Hungarian Labour Market 2007," The Hungarian Labour Market Yearbooks, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, number 2007, January.

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