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La importancia de corregir por el sesgo de selección en el análisis de las brechas salariales por género: un estudio para Argentina, Brasil y México

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  • Adrián Rubli

    ()
    (Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México. México.)

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    Abstract

    El estudio de las brechas salariales por género debe considerar el sesgo de selección, resultado de la decisión endógena de ingresar al mercado laboral. En caso de ser ignorado, este sesgo puede llevar a conclusiones erróneas con respecto al tamaño de las brechas y su evolución en el tiempo. Este trabajo analiza las brechas salariales en Argentina, Brasil y México en 2000 y 2008, y corrige el sesgo a partir del método de Heckman (1979). En particular, se explota el sexo del primogénito en la ecuación de selección para resolver el problema de identificación en la probabilidad de ingresar al mercado laboral. Los resultados indican un importante sesgo de selección positiva de diferente magnitud en el tiempo, en los tres países. Así, este trabajo resalta la importancia del problema de selección en la determinación de listas de rankeo de países, en cuanto a la equidad de género.

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    Article provided by Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Facultad de Economia in its journal Ensayos Revista de Economia.

    Volume (Year): XXXI (2012)
    Issue (Month): 2 (November)
    Pages: 1-36

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    Handle: RePEc:ere:journl:v:xxxi:y:2012:i:2:p:1-36

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    Keywords: brechas salariales; discriminación laboral; sesgo de selección; Heckit;

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    1. Shoshana Neuman & Ronald Oaxaca, 2004. "Wage Decompositions with Selectivity-Corrected Wage Equations: A Methodological Note," Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer, vol. 2(1), pages 3-10, April.
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    7. Alejandro Hoyos & Hugo R. Ñopo, 2010. "Evolution of Gender Gaps in Latin America at the Turn of the Twentieth Century: An Addendum to "New Century, Old Disparities"," IDB Publications 6792, Inter-American Development Bank.
    8. Goldin, Claudia & Kuziemko, Ilyana & Katz, Lawrence, 2006. "The Homecoming of American College Women: The Reversal of the College Gender Gap," Scholarly Articles 2962611, Harvard University Department of Economics.
    9. Juan Pablo Atal & Hugo Nopo & Natalia Winder, 2009. "New Century, Old Disparities: Gender and Ethnic Wage Gaps in Latin America," Research Department Publications 4640, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
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