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New Century, Old Disparities: Gender and Ethnic Wage Gaps in Latin America

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  • Juan Pablo Atal
  • Hugo R. Ñopo
  • Natalia Winder

Abstract

This paper surveys gender and ethnic wage gaps in 18 Latin American countries, decomposing differences using matching comparisons as a non-parametric alternative to the Blinder-Oaxaca (BO) decomposition. It is found that men earn 9-27 percent more than women, with high cross-country heterogeneity. The unexplained pay gap is higher among older, informal and self-employed workers and those in small firms. Ethnic wage differences are greater than gender differences, and educational attainment differentials play an important role in explaining the gap. Higher ethnic wage gaps are found among males, singleincome generators of households and full-time workers, and in rural areas. An important share of the ethnic wage gap is due to the scarcity of minorities in highpaid positions.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank in its series IDB Publications with number 5398.

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Date of creation: Oct 2009
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Handle: RePEc:idb:brikps:5398

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Keywords: Social Policy & Protection; Women; Social Security; IDB-WP-109;

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Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Las mujeres en los mercados de trabajo de América Latina: Avances y desafíos
    by Hugo Ñopo in Foco Económico on 2011-10-25 12:00:00
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Cited by:
  1. Mainali, R. M. & Jafarey, S. & Montes-Rojas, G., 2013. "Earnings and Social Background: An evaluation of caste/ethnic wage differentials in the Nepalese labor market," Working Papers, Department of Economics, City University London 13/01, Department of Economics, City University London.
  2. Tas, Emcet O. & Reimao, Maira Emy & Orlando, Maria Beatriz, 2013. "Gender, ethnicity and cumulative disadvantage in education : evidence from Latin American and African censuses," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6734, The World Bank.
  3. Adrián Rubli, 2012. "La importancia de corregir por el sesgo de selección en el análisis de las brechas salariales por género: un estudio para Argentina, Brasil y México," Ensayos Revista de Economia, Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Facultad de Economia, vol. 0(2), pages 1-36, November.
  4. Karolina Goraus & Joanna Tyrowicz, 2013. "The Goodwill Effect? Female Access to the Labor Market Over Transition: A Multicountry Analysis," Working Papers 2013-19, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw.
  5. Ronald Mendoza & Ronald, 2010. "Inclusive Crises, Exclusive Recoveries, and Policies to Prevent a Double Whammy for the Poor," Working papers, UNICEF,Division of Policy and Strategy 1004, UNICEF,Division of Policy and Strategy.
  6. World Bank, 2011. "Work and Family : Latin American and Caribbean Women in Search of a New Balance," World Bank Other Operational Studies 12489, The World Bank.
  7. Sarra Ben Yahmed, 2012. "Gender Wage Gaps across Skills and Trade Openness," Working Papers halshs-00793559, HAL.
  8. Francisco Galarza & Liuba Kogan & Gustavo Yamada, 2011. "¿Existe discriminación en el mercado laboral de Lima Metropolitana? Un análisis experimental," Working Papers, Departamento de Economía, Universidad del Pacífico 11-15, Departamento de Economía, Universidad del Pacífico, revised Dec 2011.

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