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Endogenizing leadership in tax competition

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  • Kempf, Hubert
  • Rota-Graziosi, Grégoire

Abstract

In this paper we extend the standard approach of horizontal tax competition by endogenizing the timing of decisions made by the competing jurisdictions. Following the literature on the endogenous timing in duopoly games, we consider a pre-play stage, where jurisdictions commit themselves to move early or late, i.e. to fix their tax rate at a first or second stage. We highlight that at least one jurisdiction experiments a second-mover advantage. We show that the Subgame Perfect Equilibria (SPEs) correspond to the two Stackelberg situations yielding to a coordination problem. In order to solve this issue, we consider a quadratic specification of the production function, and we use two criteria of selection: Pareto-dominance and risk-dominance. We emphasize that at the risk-dominant equilibrium the less productive or smaller jurisdiction leads and hence loses the second-mover advantage. If asymmetry among jurisdictions is sufficient, Pareto-dominance reinforces risk-dominance in selecting the same SPE. Three results may be deduced from our analysis: (i) the downward pressure on tax rates is less severe than predicted; (ii) the smaller jurisdiction leads; (iii) the 'big-country-higher-tax-rate' rule does not always hold.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Public Economics.

Volume (Year): 94 (2010)
Issue (Month): 9-10 (October)
Pages: 768-776

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Handle: RePEc:eee:pubeco:v:94:y:2010:i:9-10:p:768-776

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/505578

Related research

Keywords: Endogenous timing Tax competition First/second-mover advantage Strategic complements Stackelberg Risk-dominance;

References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Yongzheng Liu & Jorge Martinez-Vazquez, 2011. "Public Input Competition, Stackelberg Equilibrium and Optimality," International Center for Public Policy Working Paper Series, at AYSPS, GSU paper1123, International Center for Public Policy, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University.
  2. Esteller-Moré, Alejandro & Galmarini, Umberto & Rizzo, Leonzio, 2012. "Vertical tax competition and consumption externalities in a federation with lobbying," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 96(3), pages 295-305.
  3. Shiko Maruyama, 2010. "Estimation of Finite Sequential Games," Discussion Papers 2010-22, School of Economics, The University of New South Wales.
  4. Grégoire Rota-Graziosi & Magnus Hoffmann, 2011. "Endogenous Timing in General Rent‐Seeking and Conflict Models," Working Papers halshs-00553119, HAL.
  5. Janeba, Eckhard & Osterloh, Steffen, 2012. "Tax and the city: A theory of local tax competition and evidence for Germany," ZEW Discussion Papers 12-005, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  6. Ruud A. de Mooij & Hendrik Vrijburg, 2012. "Tax Rates as Strategic Substitutes," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 12-104/VI, Tinbergen Institute.
  7. Ruud A. de Mooij & Hendrik Vrijburg, 2012. "Tax Rates as Strategic Substitutes," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 12-104/VI, Tinbergen Institute.
  8. Rupayan Pal & Ajay Sharma, 2011. "Political competition and leadership in tax competition," Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai Working Papers 2011-024, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, India.
  9. Keisuke Hattori & Takahiro Kitamura, 2013. "Endogenous Timing in Strategic Environmental Policymaking," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 55(2), pages 199-215, June.
  10. Yutao Han, 2013. "Who benefits from partial tax coordination?," CREA Discussion Paper Series 13-24, Center for Research in Economic Analysis, University of Luxembourg.
  11. Thomas Eichner & Rüdiger Pethig, 2013. "Self-Enforcing Capital Tax Coordination," CESifo Working Paper Series 4454, CESifo Group Munich.
  12. Hikaru Ogawa, 2013. "Further analysis on leadership in tax competition: the role of capital ownership," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 20(3), pages 474-484, June.
  13. Pal, Rupayan & Sharma, Ajay, 2013. "Endogenizing governments' objectives in tax competition," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(4), pages 570-578.
  14. Rupayan Pal & Ajay Sharma, 2011. "Competition for foreign capital: Endogenous objective, public investment and tax," Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai Working Papers 2011-021, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, India.
  15. Janeba, Eckhard & Osterloh, Steffen, 2013. "Tax and the city — A theory of local tax competition," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 106(C), pages 89-100.
  16. Michael Keen & Kai A. Konrad, 2012. "International Tax Competition and Coordination," Working Papers international_tax_competi, Max Planck Institute for Tax Law and Public Finance.
  17. Yongzheng Liu & Jorge Martinez-Vazquez, 2014. "Public Input Competition under Stackelberg Equilibrium: A Note," International Center for Public Policy Working Paper Series, at AYSPS, GSU paper1402, International Center for Public Policy, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University.
  18. Tomoya Ida, 2014. "International tax competition with endogenous sequencing," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 21(2), pages 228-247, April.

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