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Equity Returns and the Business Cycle: the Role of Supply and Demand Shocks

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  • Alfonso Mendoza Velázquez
  • Peter N. Smith

Abstract

The equity premium in the UK appears to have risen significantly since the start of the financial crisis and the associated extended recession. This paper examines the relationship between the business cycle and equity market returns to see how robust this association is. Several classifications of UK business cycle quarters are examined and related to the returns from an investment strategy which buys the market one or more quarters after a business cycle quarter and holds it for one year. Official business cycle dating methods as well as identified structural macroeconomic shocks are examined. The findings are that there is clear evidence for counter-cyclicality in excess returns. Returns are significantly higher in the year following a recession rather than an expansion quarter. There is also a significant difference in the pattern of returns if the downturn in the quarter is the result of a supply or demand shock. Negative supply shocks are found to have an especially large and significant counter cyclical impact on returns. This paper analyses a long period of UK data for determining realised returns using revised data as well as expected returns using a shorter dataset of real-time data. The paper finds similar results for the two datasets suggesting that realsied and expected returns may not be so different from one another. The paper also assesses the ability of the models to forecast outside of their sample period.

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1111/manc.12022
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by University of Manchester in its journal The Manchester School.

Volume (Year): 81 (2013)
Issue (Month): (09)
Pages: 100-124

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Handle: RePEc:bla:manchs:v:81:y:2013:i::p:100-124

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  1. Andrew Ang & Sen Dong & Monika Piazzesi, 2005. "No-arbitrage Taylor rules," Proceedings, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
  2. Gerhard Bry & Charlotte Boschan, 1971. "Foreword to "Cyclical Analysis of Time Series: Selected Procedures and Computer Programs"," NBER Chapters, in: Cyclical Analysis of Time Series: Selected Procedures and Computer Programs, pages -1 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Harding, Don & Pagan, Adrian, 2006. "Synchronization of cycles," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 132(1), pages 59-79, May.
  4. Rangvid, Jesper, 2006. "Output and expected returns," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 81(3), pages 595-624, September.
  5. Lustig, Hanno & Verdelhan, Adrien, 2012. "Business cycle variation in the risk-return trade-off," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(S), pages S35-S49.
  6. Smith, Peter N & Sorensen, Steffen & Wickens, Michael R., 2009. "The Equity Premium and the Business Cycle: the Role of Demand and Supply Shocks," CEPR Discussion Papers 7227, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  7. Ilan Cooper, 2009. "Time-Varying Risk Premiums and the Output Gap," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 22(7), pages 2601-2633, July.
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  11. Shaun Vahey & Tony Garratt, 2005. "UK Real-time Macro Data Characteristics," Computing in Economics and Finance 2005 253, Society for Computational Economics.
  12. Rodriguez, Rosa & Restoy, Fernando & Pena, J. Ignacio, 2002. "Can output explain the predictability and volatility of stock returns?," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 21(2), pages 163-182, April.
  13. Don Harding & Adrian Pagan, 2000. "Disecting the Cycle: A Methodological Investigation," Econometric Society World Congress 2000 Contributed Papers 1164, Econometric Society.
  14. Gerhard Bry & Charlotte Boschan, 1971. "Cyclical Analysis of Time Series: Selected Procedures and Computer Programs," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number bry_71-1, May.
  15. Kaminska, Iryna, 2008. "A no-arbitrage structural vector autoregressive model of the UK yield curve," Bank of England working papers 357, Bank of England.
  16. Keating, John W & Nye, John V, 1998. "Permanent and Transitory Shocks in Real Output: Estimates from Nineteenth-Century and Postwar Economies," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 30(2), pages 231-51, May.
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