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Schätzung von Kostenfunktionen für die bundesdeutsche Hochschulausbildung: Ein konzeptioneller Ansatz im empirischen Test

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  • Kraus, Margit

Abstract

Im vorliegenden Papier wird ein konzeptioneller Ansatz zur ökonometrischen Analyse der Kostensituation der bundesdeutschen Hochschulausbildung unter Berücksichtigung möglicher Qualitätsunterschiede vorgestellt und in einer ersten Anwendung auf die wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Fachbereiche mit der Empirie konfrontiert. Der Ansatz basiert auf einer ?Flexible Fixed Cost Quadratic Function? für Mehrproduktunternehmen, die die Errechnung von Skaleneffekten und Verbundvorteilen in der simultanen Leistungserstellung erlaubt. Diese Funktion wird in einer ersten Version als Kostenfunktion allein für den Output ?Lehre?, in einer zweiten Version als verbundene Kostenfunktion für den simultan erstellten Output von ?Lehre? und ?Forschung? spezifiziert. Die Berücksichtigung eines kombinierten Entstehungsprozesses von Forschungs- und Lehrleistungen ergibt sich zum einen aus dem Tatbestand, dass bereits die universitären Grundmittel per se sowohl für Forschungs- als auch für Lehrtätigkeiten bestimmt sind. Zum anderen besteht die Möglichkeit, dass die aus Drittmittelgeldern finanzierten Anschaffungen und Aktivitäten nicht nur Forschungsresultate hervorbringen, sondern auch die Lehrleistung der Fachbereiche erhöhen. Auf Basis finanzstatistischer Daten wird sodann eine Konzeption zur Errechnung der relevanten Kostengrößen für die laufenden Gesamtkosten und die lehrebezogenen Kosten entwickelt. Mit den so errechneten Kosten werden beide Modelle der Kostenfunktion einmal ohne und einmal mit Berücksichtigung des Qualitätsindikators ?FOCUS Professorenranking? ökonometrisch geschätzt.

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  • Kraus, Margit, 2004. "Schätzung von Kostenfunktionen für die bundesdeutsche Hochschulausbildung: Ein konzeptioneller Ansatz im empirischen Test," ZEW Discussion Papers 04-36, ZEW - Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:2032
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    1. Barra, Cristian & Lagravinese, Raffaele & Zotti, Roberto, 2015. "Explaining (in)efficiency in higher education: a comparison of parametric and non-parametric analyses to rank universities," MPRA Paper 67119, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Gerhard Kempkes & Carsten Pohl, 2010. "The efficiency of German universities-some evidence from nonparametric and parametric methods," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 42(16), pages 2063-2079.
    3. Schwager, Robert, 2007. "Public Universities, Tuition and Competition: A Tiebout Model," ZEW Discussion Papers 07-056, ZEW - Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research.
    4. Gerhard Kempkes & Carsten Pohl, 2006. "Zur Effizienz von Hochschulen : erste Ergebnisse für Deutschland," ifo Dresden berichtet, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 13(06), pages 03-13, December.
    5. Alexander Eck & Sabine Gralka & Julia Sonnenburg & Wolfgang Nagl & Joachim Ragnitz, 2015. "Hochschulfinanzierung in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern," ifo Dresden Studien, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 75.

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