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Zur Effizienz von Hochschulen : erste Ergebnisse für Deutschland


  • Gerhard Kempkes
  • Carsten Pohl


Das Humankapital einer Volkswirtschaft ist einer der zentralen Faktoren für das Wirtschaftswachstum. Daher finden nationale Bildungssysteme und die Hochschullandschaft als ein wesentlicher Bestandteil zunehmend Beachtung in der politischen und wissenschaftlichen Debatte. In Zeiten knapper öffentlicher Kassen wird zunehmend die Frage nach einer effizienten Verwendung der Steuermittel gestellt. Vor diesem Hintergrund wird im vorliegenden Beitrag die Effizienz von 72 öffentlich finanzierten Universitäten untersucht. Die empirischen Befunde zeigen, dass die ostdeutschen Hochschulen im Vergleich zu den westdeutschen Universitäten in den Jahren 1998-2003 ihre Effizienz steigern konnten. Allerdings liegen sie (noch) hinter den westdeutschen Hochschulen zurück, wenn die durchschnittlichen Effizienzwerte betrachtet werden.

Suggested Citation

  • Gerhard Kempkes & Carsten Pohl, 2006. "Zur Effizienz von Hochschulen : erste Ergebnisse für Deutschland," ifo Dresden berichtet, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 13(06), pages 03-13, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ifodre:v:13:y:2006:i:06:p:03-13

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Philip Andrew Stevens, 2005. "A Stochastic Frontier Analysis of English and Welsh Universities," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(4), pages 355-374.
    2. Andrew Worthington, 2001. "An Empirical Survey of Frontier Efficiency Measurement Techniques in Education," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(3), pages 245-268.
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    4. Gerhard Kempkes & Carsten Pohl, 2010. "The efficiency of German universities-some evidence from nonparametric and parametric methods," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 42(16), pages 2063-2079.
    5. Johnes, Jill & Johnes, Geraint, 1995. "Research funding and performance in U.K. University Departments of Economics: A frontier analysis," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 301-314, September.
    6. Izadi, Hooshang & Johnes, Geraint & Oskrochi, Reza & Crouchley, Robert, 2002. "Stochastic frontier estimation of a CES cost function: the case of higher education in Britain," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 21(1), pages 63-71, February.
    7. A. T. Flegg & D. O. Allen & K. Field & T. W. Thurlow, 2004. "Measuring the efficiency of British universities: a multi-period data envelopment analysis," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(3), pages 231-249.
    8. Kraus, Margit, 2004. "Schätzung von Kostenfunktionen für die bundesdeutsche Hochschulausbildung: Ein konzeptioneller Ansatz im empirischen Test," ZEW Discussion Papers 04-36, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
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    Cited by:

    1. Alexander Eck & Sabine Gralka & Julia Sonnenburg, 2015. "Zur Effizienz der Hochschulen in den ost- und westdeutschen Flächenländern," ifo Dresden berichtet, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 22(02), pages 33-41, April.

    More about this item


    Hochschule; X-Effizienz; Vergleich; Deutschland;

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • I22 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Educational Finance; Financial Aid
    • M11 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - Production Management


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