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Lohndispersion und Arbeitslosigkeit: Neuere Ansätze in der Suchtheorie

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  • Garloff, Alfred

Abstract

Aufbauend auf der Hypothese, dass Arbeitsmärkte durch unvollständige Information charakterisiert sind, werden in diesem Arbeitspapier neuere Entwicklungen innerhalb eines Zweiges informationsökonomischer Ansätze vorgestellt: der Suchtheorie. Dabei werden ausführlich insbesondere jene Ansätze vorgestellt, die explizit der vermuteten Heterogenität der beiden Marktseiten, Firmen und Arbeitnehmer, Rechnung tragen. Standardergebnisse traditioneller ökonomischer Theorie sind im Lichte informationsökonomischer Ansätze oft nicht haltbar. Deshalb soll in diesem Arbeitspapier insbesondere der Fragestellung nachgegangen werden, ob das Resultat der klassischen Arbeitsmarkttheorie, dass gewerkschaftliche Lohnbeeiflussung zu höherer Arbeitslosigkeit führt, im Kontext der Suchtheorie valide ist. Auf dem Weg hin zu einer empirisch gültigen Theorie des Arbeitsmarktes stellt insbesondere ein Ansatz, der beidseitig heterogene Akteure erlaubt, einen wichtigen Beitrag dar. Theoretische Ergebnisse hinsichtlich der Wirkungen gewerkschaftlicher Lohnbeeinflussung sind gemischt. Das Arbeitspapier findet keinen eindeutigen theoretischen Zusammenhang zwischen gewerkschaftlicher Verhandlungsmacht und Arbeitslosigkeit.

Suggested Citation

  • Garloff, Alfred, 2003. "Lohndispersion und Arbeitslosigkeit: Neuere Ansätze in der Suchtheorie," ZEW Discussion Papers 03-60, ZEW - Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:1490
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    Cited by:

    1. Bernd Fitzenberger & Alfred Garloff, 2008. "Unemployment, Labor Market Transitions, And Residual Wage Dispersion," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 55(5), pages 561-590, November.
    2. Fitzenberger, Bernd & Garloff, Alfred, 2005. "Descriptive Evidence on Labor Market Transitions and the Wage Structure in Germany," ZEW Discussion Papers 05-95, ZEW - Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Suchtheorie; Heterogenität; Gewerkschaften; Lohnkompression;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
    • J51 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - Trade Unions: Objectives, Structure, and Effects
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • D83 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Search; Learning; Information and Knowledge; Communication; Belief; Unawareness

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