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Die Messung des Sozialstaates: Beschäftigungspolitische Unterschiede zwischen Brutto- und Nettosozialleistungsquote

  • Kemmerling, Achim

Das Konzept der Nettosozialleistungsquote (NSLQ) von W. Adema hat in jüngster Zeit einige zentrale Annahmen der vergleichenden Wohlfahrtsstaatenforschung erschüttert. Nicht nur die quantitative Dimension des Wohlfahrtsstaates in OECD-Ländern, sondern auch seine strukturelle Zusammensetzung erscheinen dadurch in einem anderen Licht. Dieses Diskussionspapier stellt die wesentlichsten Unterschiede zwischen klassischen Indikatoren des Sozialstaates und der NSLQ dar und entwickelt einige Hypothesen zu den Implikationen der NSLQ. Einerseits soll danach gefragt werden, was die NSLQ für die Suche nach Erklärungsursachen und die Typologisierung von Wohlfahrtsstaaten bedeuten kann. Andererseits werden wichtige Korrelate der NSLQ untersucht, um Anhaltspunkte für eine Effizienzbetrachtung der Wohlfahrtsstaaten in ausgewählten OECD-Ländern zu gewinnen. Die NSLQ liefert wertvolle Ergebnisse über parteipolitische Präferenzen für unterschiedliche Politikinstrumente sowie über die Verteilungswirkungen der steuerlichen Anreizsysteme. Sie ist jedoch gegenwärtig nur sehr bedingt für die Evaluation von allokativer Effizienz und beschäftigungspolitischer Performanz verwendbar.

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Paper provided by Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) in its series Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment with number FS I 01-201.

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Date of creation: 2001
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:wzblpe:fsi01201
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  1. Scharpf, Fritz W., 1997. "Employment and the welfare state: A continental dilemma," MPIfG Working Paper 97/7, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies.
  2. Wilthagen, Ton, 1998. "Flexicurity: A new paradigm for labour market policy reform?," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment FS I 98-202, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
  3. Willem Adema & Marcel Einerhand, 1998. "The Growing Role of Private Social Benefits," OECD Labour Market and Social Policy Occasional Papers 32, OECD Publishing.
  4. Scharpf, Fritz W., 1999. "The viability of advanced welfare states in the international economy: Vulnerabilities and options," MPIfG Working Paper 99/9, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies.
  5. Iversen, Torben & Cusack, Thomas R., 1998. "The causes of welfare state expansion: deindustrialization or globalization?," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Economic Change and Employment FS I 98-304, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
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