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Führt der Wohlfahrtsstaat zu mehr Gleichheit?

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  • Franz Prettenthaler
  • Richard Sturn

Abstract

Der Beitrag, der zunächst auf Sozialstaatstypisierungsversuche a Ia Esping-Andersen eingeht, analysiert ausführlich die Höhe und die langfristige Dynamik von Sozialausgaben in Österreich und anderen ausgewählten OECD Ländern, vorwiegend Westeuropas und der USA. Neben dem Aufriss jüngerer methodischer Diskussionen, ob etwa die Brutto- oder die Nettosozialleistungsquote der relevantere Indikator für die Intensität der Sozialleistungen eines Staates darstellt, werden für beide Kennzahlen Regressionen sowohl mit Gleichheits- und Armutsindikatoren gerechnet, wobei es für die Bruttosozialleistungsquote einen signifikant negativen Zusammenhang mit dem Ausmaß der Ungleichheit gibt, während ein solcher Zusammenhang für die Nettosozialleistungsquote nicht festgestellt werden kann. Derselbe Zusammenhang kann auch für verschiedene Armutsindikatoren, nicht aber die Intensität der Armut gezeigt werden. Diese Analysen zeigen somit eine Reihe von offenen Fragen über den Wirkzusammenhang von Sozialausgaben und den erwähnten Erfolgsindikatoren auf, auch wenn der These der Ineffektivität des Wohlfahrtsstaates klar widersprochen werden muss.

Suggested Citation

  • Franz Prettenthaler & Richard Sturn, 2003. "Führt der Wohlfahrtsstaat zu mehr Gleichheit?," Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft - WuG, Kammer für Arbeiter und Angestellte für Wien, Abteilung Wirtschaftswissenschaft und Statistik, vol. 29(3), pages 389-413.
  • Handle: RePEc:clr:wugarc:y:2003v:29i:3p:389
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    References listed on IDEAS

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