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The Impact of Wind Power Support Schemes on Technology Choices

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  • May, Nils

Abstract

Germany has been a leader in governmental support for renewable energies, which now represent about 27 % of electricity generation. In 2012 (voluntary) / 2014 (obligatory), the country changed from a xed Feed-In Tari (FIT) to a Market Premium Scheme (MPS) for wind power projects. One aim of this adjustment was to align the supply of generated wind electricity with the demand for it, e.g. through more system-friendly wind turbine technology choices. However, based on a wind investment model, I show that the MPS fails to convey strong enough incentives to project developers to alter their investment decision. Furthermore, I analyze an additional change in the reference location model, as it plays an integral part in both the xed FIT and the MPS. The investment model indicates that such a policy manages to incentivize the deployment of more system-friendly wind power technologies. Additionally, I consider a policy approach that is optimized with respect to a future energy system. This policy provides investors with even stronger incentives to adapt their technology choices.

Suggested Citation

  • May, Nils, 2015. "The Impact of Wind Power Support Schemes on Technology Choices," VfS Annual Conference 2015 (Muenster): Economic Development - Theory and Policy 112856, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:vfsc15:112856
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    Cited by:

    1. McInerney, Celine & Bunn, Derek W., 2017. "Optimal over installation of wind generation facilities," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 87-96.
    2. Hirth, Lion & Müller, Simon, 2016. "System-friendly wind power," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 51-63.
    3. Meus, Jelle & De Vits, Sarah & S'heeren, Nele & Delarue, Erik & Proost, Stef, 2021. "Renewable electricity support in perfect markets: Economic incentives under diverse subsidy instruments," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 94(C).
    4. Eising, Manuel & Hobbie, Hannes & Möst, Dominik, 2020. "Future wind and solar power market values in Germany — Evidence of spatial and technological dependencies?," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 86(C).
    5. Li, Jinke & Liu, Guy & Shao, Jing, 2020. "Understanding the ROC transfer payment in the renewable obligation with the recycling mechanism in the United Kingdom," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(C).
    6. Fabra, Natalia & Llobet, Gerard, 2019. "Auctions with Unknown Capacities: Understanding Competition among Renewables," CEPR Discussion Papers 14060, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    7. Klie, Leo & Madlener, Reinhard, 2020. "Optimal Configuration and Diversification of Wind Turbines: A Hybrid Approach to Improve the Penetration of Wind Power," FCN Working Papers 1/2020, E.ON Energy Research Center, Future Energy Consumer Needs and Behavior (FCN).
    8. Klie, Leo & Madlener, Reinhard, 2020. "Concentration Versus Diversification: A Spatial Deployment Approach to Improve the Economics of Wind Power," FCN Working Papers 2/2020, E.ON Energy Research Center, Future Energy Consumer Needs and Behavior (FCN), revised May 2021.
    9. Engelhorn, Thorsten & Müsgens, Felix, 2018. "How to estimate wind-turbine infeed with incomplete stock data: A general framework with an application to turbine-specific market values in Germany," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 542-557.
    10. Sun, Chuanwang & Zhan, Yanhong & Du, Gang, 2020. "Can value-added tax incentives of new energy industry increase firm's profitability? Evidence from financial data of China's listed companies," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 86(C).
    11. Zerrahn, Alexander & Schill, Wolf-Peter & Kemfert, Claudia, 2018. "On the economics of electrical storage for variable renewable energy sources," EconStor Open Access Articles and Book Chapters, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, pages 259-279.
    12. Xia, Fang & Lu, Xi & Song, Feng, 2020. "The role of feed-in tariff in the curtailment of wind power in China," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 86(C).
    13. Steffen, Bjarne, 2020. "Estimating the cost of capital for renewable energy projects," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 88(C).
    14. Schleich, Joachim & Walz, Rainer & Ragwitz, Mario, 2017. "Effects of policies on patenting in wind-power technologies," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 108(C), pages 684-695.
    15. Nils May & Karsten Neuhoff, 2017. "Financing Power: Impacts of Energy Policies in Changing Regulatory Environments," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1684, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    16. Nils May & Olga Chiappinelli, 2018. "Too Good to Be True? How Time-Inconsistent Renewable Energy Policies Can Deter Investments," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1726, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    17. Christoph M. Schmidt & Andreas Löschel & Karen Pittel & Christoph Bals & Audrey Mathieu & Sonja Peterson & Wilfried Rickels & Stefanie Berendsen & Ingmar Jürgens & Veronika Grimm & Sabine Schlacke & H, 2020. "European Green Deal – Bottlenecks bis 2030," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 73(06), pages 03-37, June.
    18. Philip Tafarte & Marcus Eichhorn & Daniela Thrän, 2019. "Capacity Expansion Pathways for a Wind and Solar Based Power Supply and the Impact of Advanced Technology—A Case Study for Germany," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(2), pages 1-23, January.
    19. Meus, Jelle & Van den Bergh, Kenneth & Delarue, Erik & Proost, Stef, 2019. "On international renewable cooperation mechanisms: The impact of national RES-E support schemes," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 81(C), pages 859-873.

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    JEL classification:

    • Q42 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Alternative Energy Sources
    • Q55 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Technological Innovation
    • O38 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy

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