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Alterung in Berufen: Der Beitrag ökonomischer Einflüsse


  • Henseke, Golo
  • Tivig, Thusnelda


Demografischer Wandel und die strukturellen Veränderungen auf dem Arbeitsmarkt tragen gemeinsam zur Alterung des Beschäftigtenbestands bei. Während der demografische Wandel eine gesellschaftliche Entwicklung ist, variieren Arbeitsmarkttrends über Berufe. Basierend auf Beschäftigtendaten der Bundesagentur für Arbeit zeichnen wir ein detailliertes Bild der Alterung in Berufsklassen über die letzten 20 Jahre nach. Dazu zerlegen wir den Anstieg des Durchschnittsalters der Beschäftigten in eine demografische und eine ökonomische Komponente und bringen die Befunde anschließend in einen Zusammenhang mit der Beschäftigtendynamik und der Gehaltsverteilung. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass der demografische Wandel in den letzten zwei Jahrzehnten klar zur Alterung der Beschäftigten beitrug, allerdings mit Unterschieden zwischen Berufen und Perioden. Ökonomisch bedingte Alterung setzte hauptsächlich erst nach 2000 ein und war besonders deutlich in Berufen in der Mitte der Gehaltsverteilung ausgeprägt.

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  • Henseke, Golo & Tivig, Thusnelda, 2013. "Alterung in Berufen: Der Beitrag ökonomischer Einflüsse," Annual Conference 2013 (Duesseldorf): Competition Policy and Regulation in a Global Economic Order 80001, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:vfsc13:80001

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    JEL classification:

    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity

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