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Savings banks and cooperative banks in Europe

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  • Bülbül, Dilek
  • Schmidt, Reinhard H.
  • Schüwer, Ulrich

Abstract

Until about 25 years ago, almost all European countries had a so-called three pillar banking system comprising private banks, (public) savings banks and (mutual) cooperative banks. Since that time, several European countries have implemented far-reaching changes in their banking systems, which have more than anything else affected the two pillars of the savings and cooperative banks. The article describes the most important changes in Germany, Austria, France, Italy and Spain and characterizes the former and the current roles of savings banks and cooperative banks in these countries. A particular focus is placed on the German case, which is almost unique in so far as the German savings banks and cooperative banks have maintained most of their traditional features. The article concludes with a plea for diversity of institutional forms of banks and argues that it is important to safeguard the strengths of those types of banks that do not conform to the model of a large shareholder-oriented commercial bank.

Suggested Citation

  • Bülbül, Dilek & Schmidt, Reinhard H. & Schüwer, Ulrich, 2013. "Savings banks and cooperative banks in Europe," SAFE White Paper Series 5, Goethe University Frankfurt, Research Center SAFE - Sustainable Architecture for Finance in Europe.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:safewh:5
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    File URL: https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/88684/1/775245445.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Rafael La Porta & Florencio Lopez-De-Silanes & Andrei Shleifer, 2002. "Government Ownership of Banks," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 57(1), pages 265-301, February.
    2. repec:hrv:faseco:30747188 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Altunbas, Yener & Evans, Lynne & Molyneux, Philip, 2001. "Bank Ownership and Efficiency," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 33(4), pages 926-954, November.
    4. Behr, Patrick & Norden, Lars & Noth, Felix, 2013. "Financial constraints of private firms and bank lending behavior," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(9), pages 3472-3485.
    5. Reinhard H. Schmidt & Marcel Tyrell, 2004. "What Constitutes a Financial System in General and the German Financial System in Particular?," Working Paper Series: Finance and Accounting 111, Department of Finance, Goethe University Frankfurt am Main.
    6. Bonaccorsi di Patti, Emilia & Gobbi, Giorgio, 2001. "The changing structure of local credit markets: Are small businesses special?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(12), pages 2209-2237, December.
    7. Iannotta, Giuliano & Nocera, Giacomo & Sironi, Andrea, 2007. "Ownership structure, risk and performance in the European banking industry," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(7), pages 2127-2149, July.
    8. Elena Carletti & Hendrik Hakenes & Isabel Schnabel, 2005. "The Privatization of Italian Savings Banks: A Role Model for Germany?," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 74(4), pages 32-50.
    9. Reinhard H. Schmidt, 2009. "The Political Debate about Savings Banks," Schmalenbach Business Review (sbr), LMU Munich School of Management, vol. 61(4), pages 366-392, October.
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    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Models of Safe Banking? The European Savings and Cooperative Banks
      by Banking Blogger in NEP-HIS blog on 2014-02-13 00:07:24

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    Cited by:

    1. E. Avisoa, 2016. "European banks’ technical efficiency and performance: do business models matter? The case of European co-operatives banks," Débats économiques et financiers 25, Banque de France.
    2. Cristi SPULBAR & Mihai NITOI & Lucian ANGHEL, 2015. "Efficiency In Cooperative Banks And Savings Banks : A Stochastic Frontier Approach," Journal for Economic Forecasting, Institute for Economic Forecasting, vol. 0(1), pages 5-21, March.
    3. Krzysztof Kil & Ewa Miklaszewska, 2015. "Analysis of Factors Affecting the Stability of Cooperative Banks in the Post-Crisis Period (Analiza czynnikow wplywajacych na stabilnosc bankow spoldzielczych w okresie pokryzysowym)," Problemy Zarzadzania, University of Warsaw, Faculty of Management, vol. 13(55), pages 97-119.

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