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Arbeitssparender technischer Fortschritt und Löhne


  • Gundlach, Erich


Einfache Lehrbuchmodelle liefern widersprüchliche Aussagen zu den Wirkungen eines arbeitssparenden technischen Fortschritts auf die Löhne. Ein Modell der offenen Volkswirtschaft mit zwei Diversifizierungskegeln zeigt verschiedene Möglichkeiten auf, wie der arbeitssparende technische Fortschritt die Löhne beeinflussen könnte. Wenn der arbeitssparende technische Fortschritt am stärksten im humankapitalintensivsten Sektor wirkt, lässt sich für einen bestimmten Modellrahmen zeigen, dass die relativen Einkommensunterschiede innerhalb des Diversifizierungskegels der reichen Länder zunehmen und die Einkommensunterschiede zwischen den beiden Diversifizierungskegeln abnehmen werden. Danach kann der arbeitssparende technische Fortschritt anders als in einfachen Lehrbuchmodellen der Wachstums- und Außenwirtschaftstheorie die relativen Löhne der wenig qualifizierten Beschäftigten in den Industrieländern verringern.

Suggested Citation

  • Gundlach, Erich, 2007. "Arbeitssparender technischer Fortschritt und Löhne," Kiel Working Papers 1382, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:ifwkwp:1382

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Erich Gundlach, 2007. "The Solow model in the empirics of growth and trade," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 23(1), pages 25-44, Spring.
    2. H. Uzawa, 1961. "Neutral Inventions and the Stability of Growth Equilibrium," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 28(2), pages 117-124.
    3. Charles R. Hulten, 2000. "Total Factor Productivity: A Short Biography," NBER Working Papers 7471, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Donald R. Davis, 1996. "Trade Liberalization and Income Distribution," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 1769, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
    5. Findlay, Ronald & Jones, Ronald, 2000. "Factor bias and technical progress," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 68(3), pages 303-308, September.
    6. Douglas Gollin, 2002. "Getting Income Shares Right," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 110(2), pages 458-474, April.
    7. Nelson, Richard R, 1973. "Recent Exercises in Growth Accounting: New Understanding or Dead End?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 63(3), pages 462-468, June.
    8. Daniel Becker & Erich Gundlach, 2007. "Factor Price Equality and Biased Technical Change in a Two-Cone Trade Model," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 11(4), pages 685-698, November.
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    More about this item


    Faktorverzerrung; Diversifizierungskegel; Technischer Fortschritt;

    JEL classification:

    • F11 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Neoclassical Models of Trade
    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General


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