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Hemmnisse und Probleme bei Gründungen durch Migranten


  • Kay, Rosemarie
  • Schneck, Stefan


Obwohl Migranten häufiger gründen als nicht Zugewanderte stellt sich die Frage, ob im Gründungsprozess Hemmnisse und Probleme auftreten, die in besonderer Weise für Migranten wirksam werden. Dieser Frage ist die Studie mittels einer Analyse der rechtlichen Rahmenbedingungen einerseits und empirischer Analysen auf Basis des Gründerpanels des IfM Bonn andererseits nachgegangen. Zwar sind Migranten und nicht Zugewanderte zumeist von denselben Hemmnissen und Problemen betroffen, spezifische Qualifikationsanforderungen im zulassungspflichtigen Handwerk und in den Freien Berufen betreffen aber ausschließlich Migranten, deren im Ausland er-worbene Abschlüsse nicht ohne aufwändiges Verfahren anerkannt werden. Überdies werden Migranten häufiger als nicht Zugewanderte von Finanzierungsproblemen an der (zügigen) Umsetzung ihrer Gründungspläne gehindert.

Suggested Citation

  • Kay, Rosemarie & Schneck, Stefan, 2012. "Hemmnisse und Probleme bei Gründungen durch Migranten," IfM-Materialien 214, Institut für Mittelstandsforschung (IfM) Bonn.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:ifmmat:214

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Michael Fritsch & Alexander S. Kritikos & Alina Rusakova, 2012. "Who Starts a Business and Who Is Self-Employed in Germany," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1184, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    2. Parker,Simon C., 2009. "The Economics of Entrepreneurship," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521728355, March.
    3. Peter Johnson & Simon Parker & Frits Wijbenga, 2006. "Nascent Entrepreneurship Research: Achievements and Opportunities," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 27(1), pages 1-4, August.
    4. Parker,Simon C., 2009. "The Economics of Entrepreneurship," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521899604, March.
    5. Simon C. Parker & Yacine Belghitar, 2006. "What Happens to Nascent Entrepreneurs? An Econometric Analysis of the PSED," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 27(1), pages 81-101, August.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ettl, Kerstin & Welter, Friederike & Achtenhagen, Leona, 2016. ""Das 21. Jahrhundert ist weiblich": Unternehmerinnen in der Presse," IfM-Materialien 249, Institut für Mittelstandsforschung (IfM) Bonn.
    2. Kay, Rosemarie & Günterberg, Brigitte, 2015. "Existenzgründungen von ausländischen Staatsbürgern," Daten und Fakten 15, Institut für Mittelstandsforschung (IfM) Bonn.
    3. Bijedić, Teita & Kay, Rosemarie & Schlepphorst, Susanne & Suprinovič, Olga & Ettl, Kerstin, 2017. "Familienunternehmen von Migranten," IfM-Materialien 261, Institut für Mittelstandsforschung (IfM) Bonn.

    More about this item


    Gründungspozess; Migranten; Hemmnisse; start-up process; immigrants; restraints;

    JEL classification:

    • D22 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis
    • M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups
    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination

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