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Glocalisation, foreign direct investment and regional development perspectives : empirical results for West German regions

  • Knödler, Hermann
  • Albertshauser, Ulrich
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    The present paper examines the economic development perspectives of the manufacturing sector of 31 major West German regions in the process of globalisation. Public statistics do not provide FDI data on a regional basis. Therefore our study was based on indicators based on the data from the INDAT-file which gives information about some 6,500 West German manufacturing firms in 1986, 1990 and 1996. The paper draws a stylised picture of the regional structure of West German FDI involvement in the manufacturing sector. The present participation in glocalisation benefits and the mid term development perspectives showed that Hamburg, Darmstadt and Oberbayern belong to the winners of glocalisation. In order to evaluate the long term development perspectives of the industrial cores we checked which regions had far above average access to the future growing areas of the world through FDI outflows. It turned out, that Oberbayern, Stuttgart and Hamburg face the best long term perspectives. Between 1986 and 1996 disparities between the investigated regions with regard to their integration in the global division of labour through FDI-flows have decreased, especially between peripheral regions.

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    File URL: http://econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/19434/1/117.pdf
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    Paper provided by Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA) in its series HWWA Discussion Papers with number 117.

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    Date of creation: 2001
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:hwwadp:26402
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    Web page: http://www.econstor.eu/handle/10419/20
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    1. Markusen, James R. & Venables, Anthony J., 1999. "Foreign direct investment as a catalyst for industrial development," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 335-356, February.
    2. Krugman, Paul, 1998. "What's New about the New Economic Geography?," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 14(2), pages 7-17, Summer.
    3. Moomaw, Ronald L. & Shatter, Ali M., 1996. "Urbanization and Economic Development: A Bias toward Large Cities?," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 13-37, July.
    4. Eckhardt Bode, 1999. "Localized Knowledge Spillovers and Regional Employment Growth: Evidence from Germany," Kiel Working Papers 938, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
    5. Diego Puga, 1996. "The rise and fall of regional inequalities," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 20643, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    6. Niebuhr, Annekatrin, 2000. "Räumliche Wachstumszusammenhänge - empirische Befunde für Deutschland," HWWA Discussion Papers 84, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
    7. Lammers, Konrad & Stiller, Silvia, 2000. "Regionalpolitische Implikationen der neuen ökonomischen Geographie," HWWA Discussion Papers 85, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
    8. Lammers, Konrad, 1999. "Europäische Integration und räumliche Entwicklungsprozesse: Wo bleibt die nationale Ebene?," HWWA Discussion Papers 75, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
    9. Ann E. Harrison & Brian J. Aitken, 1999. "Do Domestic Firms Benefit from Direct Foreign Investment? Evidence from Venezuela," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(3), pages 605-618, June.
    10. Krieger-Boden, Christiane, 1999. "Nationale und regionale Spezialisierungsmuster im europäischen Integrationsprozeß," Open Access Publications from Kiel Institute for the World Economy 2294, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
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