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Influence of socio-demographic characteristics on different dimensions of household food insecurity in Montevideo, Uruguay


  • Rossi, Máximo
  • Ferre, Zuleika
  • Curutchet, María Rosa
  • Giménez, Ana
  • Ares, Gastón


Using a cross-sectional survey with a representative sample of households from the metropolitan area centered on Montevideo, we evaluate first the factorial structure of the Latin American & Caribbean Household Food Security Scale (ELCSA) with an exploratory factor analysis. Secondly, using a probit model we study the influence of socio-demographic characteristics on each of the identified dimensions of the food insecurity. The percentage of affirmative responses to the items of the ELCSA scale ranged from 31.7% to 4.4%. Two factors were identified with the exploratory factor analysis from households without children under 18 years old, whereas three factors were identified for households with children. The identified factors were associated with different severity levels of food insecurity. Likelihood of experiencing different levels of food insecurity was affected by individual characteristics of the respondent as well as characteristics of the household. Household income had the largest influence on all the dimensions, which indicates a strong relationship between income and food insecurity.

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  • Rossi, Máximo & Ferre, Zuleika & Curutchet, María Rosa & Giménez, Ana & Ares, Gastón, 2017. "Influence of socio-demographic characteristics on different dimensions of household food insecurity in Montevideo, Uruguay," GLO Discussion Paper Series 113, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:glodps:113

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Kostas Stamoulis & Alberto Zezza, 2003. "A Conceptual Framework for National Agricultural, Rural Development, and Food Security Strategies and Policies," Working Papers 03-17, Agricultural and Development Economics Division of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO - ESA).
    2. Hamelin, Anne-Marie & Beaudry, Micheline & Habicht, Jean-Pierre, 2002. "Characterization of household food insecurity in Québec: food and feelings," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 54(1), pages 119-132, January.
    3. Coleman-Jensen, Alisha & Nord, Mark & Singh, Anita, 2013. "Household Food Security in the United States in 2012," Economic Research Report 262219, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    4. Maxwell, Daniel G., 1996. "Measuring food insecurity: the frequency and severity of "coping strategies"," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 21(3), pages 291-303, July.
    5. Gordillo, Gustavo & Winters, Paul C. & Corral, Leonardo, 2000. "Food Insecurity and Vulnerability in Latin America and the Caribbean," Working Papers 12900, University of New England, School of Economics.
    6. repec:mpr:mprres:5077 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Hadley, Craig & Lindstrom, David & Tessema, Fasil & Belachew, Tefara, 2008. "Gender bias in the food insecurity experience of Ethiopian adolescents," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 66(2), pages 427-438, January.
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    More about this item


    food security; income; factor analysis; Latin America;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I14 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Inequality
    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis

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