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Wird die Umsatzsteuer überwälzt? Eine empirische Studie der Preispolitik im deutschen Hotelgewerbe

Author

Listed:
  • Wagner, Franz W.
  • Weber, Stefan
  • Gegenwarth, Lisa

Abstract

Die öffentliche Kritik, die 2010 der Senkung des Umsatzsteuer-Tarifs für Hotelübernachtungen von 19% auf 7% folgte, war insoweit überraschend, als der traditionellen Inzidenz-Hypothese zufolge Tarifsenkungen der Umsatzsteuer durch Preissenkungen Konsumenten zugutekommen. Sie wäre berechtigt gewesen, wenn die Tarifsenkung von den Hoteliers nicht an die Konsumenten weitergegeben worden wäre. Unsere 3.131 Hotelbetriebe umfassende empirische Untersuchung der Tarifsenkung von 2010 weist nach, dass die Inzidenz-Hypothese nicht bestätigt wurde und die öffentliche Meinung entgegen der ursprünglichen politischen Begründung der Tarifsenkung Recht behalten hat.

Suggested Citation

  • Wagner, Franz W. & Weber, Stefan & Gegenwarth, Lisa, 2014. "Wird die Umsatzsteuer überwälzt? Eine empirische Studie der Preispolitik im deutschen Hotelgewerbe," arqus Discussion Papers in Quantitative Tax Research 179, arqus - Arbeitskreis Quantitative Steuerlehre.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:arqudp:179
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Besley, Timothy J. & Rosen, Harvey S., 1999. "Sales Taxes and Prices: An Empirical Analysis," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association;National Tax Journal, vol. 52(2), pages 157-178, June.
    2. Stefan Boeters & Christoph Bohringer & Thiess Buttner & Margit Kraus, 2010. "Economic effects of VAT reforms in Germany," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 42(17), pages 2165-2182.
    3. Ricardo Batista Politi & Enlinson Mattos, 2011. "Ad-valorem tax incidence and after-tax price adjustments: evidence from Brazilian basic basket food," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 44(4), pages 1438-1470, November.
    4. Jeffrey M Wooldridge, 2010. "Econometric Analysis of Cross Section and Panel Data," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 2, volume 1, number 0262232588, March.
    5. Stephan Danninger & Alina Carare, 2008. "Inflation Smoothing and the Modest Effect of VAT in Germany," IMF Working Papers 08/175, International Monetary Fund.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Umsatzsteuer; Steuerreform; Steuerinzidenz; Steuerlast; VAT; Tax Reform; Tax Incidence; Tax Burden;

    JEL classification:

    • H22 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Incidence
    • H32 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Firm
    • L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism

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