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Price Impact Costs and the Limit of Arbitrage

Author

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  • Zhiwu Chen
  • Werner Stanzl
  • Masahiro Watanabe

Abstract

This paper investigates whether one can profit from the size, book-to-market, or momentum anomaly, when price-impact costs are taken into account. A non-linear price-impact function is individually estimated for 5173 stocks to assess the magnitude of trading costs. Compared to constant proportional transaction costs (as typically assumed in the literature), a concave price-impact function tends to assign a higher impact cost to mid-size trades and a lower impact to large-size trades. We implement long-short arbitrage strategies based on each such anomaly, and estimate the maximal fund size possible before excess returns become negative. For all anomalies, the maximal fund sizes are small in order to remain profitable. Markets are therefore bounded-rational: price-impact costs deter agents from exploiting the anomalies.

Suggested Citation

  • Zhiwu Chen & Werner Stanzl & Masahiro Watanabe, 2002. "Price Impact Costs and the Limit of Arbitrage," Yale School of Management Working Papers ysm251, Yale School of Management, revised 08 Jun 2006.
  • Handle: RePEc:ysm:somwrk:ysm251
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    File URL: http://icfpub.som.yale.edu/publications/2529
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Antonios Siganos, 2010. "Can small investors exploit the momentum effect?," Financial Markets and Portfolio Management, Springer;Swiss Society for Financial Market Research, vol. 24(2), pages 171-192, June.
    2. Markus K. Brunnermeier & Lasse Heje Pedersen, 2005. "Predatory Trading," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 60(4), pages 1825-1863, August.
    3. Bikker, Jacob A. & Spierdijk, Laura & van der Sluis, Pieter Jelle, 2007. "Market impact costs of institutional equity trades," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 26(6), pages 974-1000, October.
    4. U. Çetin & R. Jarrow & P. Protter & M. Warachka, 2008. "Pricing Options in an Extended Black Scholes Economy with Illiquidity: Theory and Empirical Evidence," World Scientific Book Chapters,in: Financial Derivatives Pricing Selected Works of Robert Jarrow, chapter 9, pages 185-221 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    5. Gregory Connor & Lisa R. Goldberg & Robert A. Korajczyk, 2010. "Portfolio Risk Analysis," Economics Books, Princeton University Press, edition 1, number 9224.
    6. Gehde-Trapp, Monika & Gündüz, Yalin & Nasev, Julia, 2015. "The liquidity premium in CDS transaction prices: Do frictions matter?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 184-205.
    7. Robert Novy-Marx & Mihail Velikov, 2014. "A Taxonomy of Anomalies and their Trading Costs," NBER Working Papers 20721, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Sadka, Ronnie, 2006. "Momentum and post-earnings-announcement drift anomalies: The role of liquidity risk," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 80(2), pages 309-349, May.
    9. Anna Obizhaeva, 2007. "Liquidity Estimates and Selection Bias," Working Papers w0225, Center for Economic and Financial Research (CEFIR).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Stock market anomaly; Price-impact function; Arbitrage; Fund size limit;

    JEL classification:

    • G1 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets

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