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Project Monitoring and Banking Competition under Adverse Selection

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  • Vesa Kanniainen
  • Rune Stenbacka

Abstract

We develop an analysis of ex ante monitoring of risky projects in banking. If protected from competition, banks are more concerned about not catching good risk projects when the perceived state of the economy improves, while they are more concerned about being induced to finance bad risk projects when conditions deteriorate. A monopoly bank provides the socially optimal ex ante monitoring of good risks, but is too conservative with regard to bad risks. Competition between banks is shown to undermine the incentives to avoid decision errors regarding both good and bad risk projects providing too limited monitoring effort from society's point of view. ZUSAMMENFASSUNG - (Projektsteuerung und Bankenwettbewerb bei adverser Selektion) In dem Beitrag wird ein Modell zur Auswahl von risikobehafteten Projekten durch Banken entwickelt. Wenn Banken vor Wettbewerb geschützt werden, dann legen sie unter guten wirtschaftlichen Bedingungen mehr Wert darauf sich keine Projekte mit gutem Risiko entgehen zu lassen, wohingegen sie, wenn sich die Bedingungen verschlechtern eher darauf achten keine schlechten Projekte zu finanzieren. Eine monopolistische Bank leistet die sozial-optimale Auswahl guter Risiken, aber die Selektion ist zu konservativ im Hinblick auf schlechte Risiken. Es wird gezeigt, daß Wettbewerb zwischen den Banken dazu führt, daß die Anreize fehlerhafte Entscheidung zu vermeiden sowohl im Hinblick auf Projekte mit guten als auch für Projekte mit schlechten Risiken zu gering sind. Die gesellschaftliche Wohlfahrt sinkt, weil Banken zu wenig in Projektauswahl investieren.

Suggested Citation

  • Vesa Kanniainen & Rune Stenbacka, 1997. "Project Monitoring and Banking Competition under Adverse Selection," CIG Working Papers FS IV 97-23, Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin (WZB), Research Unit: Competition and Innovation (CIG), revised Oct 1998.
  • Handle: RePEc:wzb:wzebiv:fsiv97-23
    Note: At the moment we only have a copy of the revised version. We apologize if this causes any complications. We are working at recreating the original.
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Caminal, Ramon & Matutes, Carmen, 1997. "Can Competition in the Credit Market be Excessive?," CEPR Discussion Papers 1725, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Vihriälä, Vesa, 1997. "Banks and the Finnish credit cycle 1986-1995," Scientific Monographs, Bank of Finland, number 1997_007.
    3. Frédéric Boissay & Pierre Malgrange, 1997. "Intégration monétaire et financière dans les modèles macro­économiques : bilan et nouvelles pistes," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 12(3), pages 3-42.

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