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Family and Childcare Support Public Expenditures and Short-Term Fertility Dynamics

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  • Cosmin Enache

    () (Department of Finance, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, West University of Timisoara, Romania)

Abstract

In a period of very low fertility, effective family and childcare support policy measures are needed. From a wide range of instruments available to government intervention, we focus on public expenditures effects on short-term fertility. Using a sample of 28 European countries in a panel framework, we found that there is a small positive elasticity of crude birth rate to cash benefits related to childbirth and childrearing provided through social security system. Different public services provided to ease the burden of parents and all benefits in kind, means or non-means tested, are found to be insignificant. These results are robust to alternative methods of estimation and country heterogeneity.

Suggested Citation

  • Cosmin Enache, 2012. "Family and Childcare Support Public Expenditures and Short-Term Fertility Dynamics," FEAA Working Papers 2012.FEAA.F.02, West University of Timisoara, Romania, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
  • Handle: RePEc:wun:wpaper:2012.feaa.f.02
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Cosmin Enache, 2013. "Family and Childcare Support Public Expenditures and Short-Term Fertility Dynamics," Panoeconomicus, Savez ekonomista Vojvodine, Novi Sad, Serbia, vol. 60(3), pages 347-364, May.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Social Security; Fertility;

    JEL classification:

    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs

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