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Can Indonesia Gain from Log Export Barriers?

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  • Arunanondchai, May

Abstract

We use a model of sequentialduop oly to examine the effect of verticalo wnership structure on firms’ outputs and profit shares in the internationalmark et for raw and processed tropicaltim ber products. The modelpro vides insights that can be applied to the Indonesian logging and plywood industry; shedding light on the appropriate policy responses. We find that when industries are integrated, the government should subsidise both exports. Thus, despite log and plywood being strategic substitutes, log export barriers make Indonesia worse off. When industries are separated, however, plywood exports should be subsidised but the optimal trade policy on log exports depends on two effects. If the commitment failure effect (as in Brander and Spencer (1985)) dominates then log exports should be subsidised, however, if the negative cross-industry effect dominates then log exports should be taxed.

Suggested Citation

  • Arunanondchai, May, 2001. "Can Indonesia Gain from Log Export Barriers?," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 619, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:wrk:warwec:619
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    File URL: https://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/economics/research/workingpapers/2008/twerp619a.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Spencer, Barbara J. & Jones, Ronald W., 1992. "Trade and protection in vertically related markets," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(1-2), pages 31-55, February.
    2. Greenhut, M L & Ohta, H, 1979. "Vertical Integration of Successive Oligopolists," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 69(1), pages 137-141, March.
    3. Gérard Gaudet & Ngo Van Long & Antoine Soubeyran, 1999. "Upstream-Downstream Specialization by Integrated Firms in a Partially Integrated Industry," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer;The Industrial Organization Society, vol. 14(4), pages 321-335, June.
    4. Barbier, E B & Burgess, J C, 2001. " The Economics of Tropical Deforestation," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 15(3), pages 413-433, July.
    5. Brander, James A. & Spencer, Barbara J., 1985. "Export subsidies and international market share rivalry," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(1-2), pages 83-100, February.
    6. Jonathan Eaton & Gene M. Grossman, 1986. "Optimal Trade and Industrial Policy Under Oligopoly," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 101(2), pages 383-406.
    7. Bulow, Jeremy I & Geanakoplos, John D & Klemperer, Paul D, 1985. "Multimarket Oligopoly: Strategic Substitutes and Complements," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 93(3), pages 488-511, June.
    8. Barbara J. Spencer & Ronald W. Jones, 1991. "Vertical Foreclosure and International Trade Policy," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 58(1), pages 153-170.
    9. Michael A. Salinger, 1988. "Vertical Mergers and Market Foreclosure," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 103(2), pages 345-356.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Trade with imperfect competition ; Verticalin tegration ; Forest products;

    JEL classification:

    • F19 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Other
    • D43 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Oligopoly and Other Forms of Market Imperfection
    • L22 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Organization and Market Structure
    • L73 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Primary Products and Construction - - - Forest Products

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