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Symetrie des chocs touchant les regions canadiennes et choix d'un regime de change

  • Alain DeSerres

    (Bank of Canada)

  • Rene Lalonde

    (Bank of Canada)

Dans la presente etude, les auteurs tentent de verifier si le principal avantage du taux de change flexible entre le Canada et les Etats-Unis, qui est de permettre un ajustement rapide du taux de change reel apres un choc asymetrique, se manifeste autant sur le plan regional que sur le plan national. Pour ce faire, ils essaient de determiner si les chocs subis par les differentes regions canadiennes ont une composante commune significative et surtout si celle-ci est plus importante que la composante commune aux chocs subis par les Etats-Unis. Dans une premiere etape, ils identifient dans les diverses regions canadiennes et aux Etats-Unis les chocs de demande reels et monetaires ainsi que les chocs d'offre, en imposant certaines restrictions aux effets que ces chocs peuvent avoir a long terme sur le niveau de la production, des prix et des encaisses reelles. Dans une deuxieme etape, a partir de l'estimation d'un modele d'espace d'etat, les auteurs identifient, pour chacune des regions ainsi que pour les chocs reels d'offre et de demande examines separement, une composante commune a l'ensemble des regions canadiennes, une composante commune aux chocs americains et une composante specifique a chaque region. De facon generale, les resultats montrent que tous les types de chocs touchant les regions canadiennes sont statistiquement relies a la composante commune canadienne des chocs et que, dans plusieurs cas, celle-ci depasse en importance la composante specifique. De plus, la composante commune canadienne est toujours beaucoup plus importante que la composante commune aux chocs americains.

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Paper provided by EconWPA in its series Macroeconomics with number 9502001.

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Length: 34 pages
Date of creation: 03 Feb 1995
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpma:9502001
Note: 34 printed pages, compressed PostScript file. If you have trouble viewing the complete document, please print it out on a PostScript printer. Other recent Bank of Canada working papers are listed on the last page of this report. Bank of Canada 94-9
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  1. Tamim Bayoumi and Barry Eichengreen., 1993. "One Money or Many? On Analyzing the Prospects for Monetary Unification in Various Parts of the World," Center for International and Development Economics Research (CIDER) Working Papers C93-030, University of California at Berkeley.
  2. Wyplosz, Charles, 1991. "Monetary Union and Fiscal Policy Discipline," CEPR Discussion Papers 488, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Eichengreen, Barry, 1993. "European Monetary Unification," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 31(3), pages 1321-57, September.
  4. Lafrance, Robert & St-Amant, Pierre, 2000. "Les zones monétaires optimales," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 76(4), pages 577-612, décembre.
  5. Blanchard, Olivier Jean & Quah, Danny, 1989. "The Dynamic Effects of Aggregate Demand and Supply Disturbances," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(4), pages 655-73, September.
  6. Masson, Paul R & Taylor, Mark P, 1992. "Common Currency Areas and Currency Unions: An Analysis of the Issues," CEPR Discussion Papers 617, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  7. Bayoumi, Tamim & Eichengreen, Barry, 1994. "Monetary and exchange rate arrangements for NAFTA," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 125-165, February.
  8. Watson, Mark W. & Engle, Robert F., 1983. "Alternative algorithms for the estimation of dynamic factor, mimic and varying coefficient regression models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 23(3), pages 385-400, December.
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