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The Effects of Job and Housing Location on Race/Gender Wage Differentials in Milwaukee: Testing the `Network Hypothesis'

  • Robert Drago

    (Univ. Wisconsin-Milwaukee)

Registered author(s):

    This study considers the joint role of job and housing location as they affect the earnings of different race and gender groups. Building on Wial's (1991) case study of networks in Boston which distribute good jobs, the `network hypothesis' suggests that the channels which distribute high wage jobs inside Milwaukee county are connected to individuals who are predominantly white males and live outside of the county, thereby limiting access for others partly on the basis of race and gender and partly due to job and housing location. Data from the 1990 U.S. census are used to test this hypothesis. The The results are consistent with the network hypothesis.

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    Paper provided by EconWPA in its series Labor and Demography with number 9404001.

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    Length: 28 pages
    Date of creation: 25 Apr 1994
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpla:9404001
    Note: 28 pages total in two WP5.1 files. VVdecode then Unzip (1.9 or Pkunzip) to retrieve.
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://econwpa.repec.org

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    1. Belman, Dale & Heywood, John S, 1991. "Sheepskin Effects in the Returns to Education: An Examination on Women and Minorities," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 73(4), pages 720-24, November.
    2. Heckman, James J, 1979. "Sample Selection Bias as a Specification Error," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(1), pages 153-61, January.
    3. Greene, William H, 1981. "Sample Selection Bias as a Specification Error: Comment," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(3), pages 795-98, May.
    4. Reimers, Cordelia W, 1983. "Labor Market Discrimination against Hispanic and Black Men," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 65(4), pages 570-79, November.
    5. Ronald Oaxaca, 1971. "Male-Female Wage Differentials in Urban Labor Markets," Working Papers 396, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
    6. Kwabena Gyimah-Brempong & Rudy Fichtenbaum, 1993. "Black-white wage differential: The relative importance of human capital and labor market structure," The Review of Black Political Economy, Springer, vol. 21(4), pages 19-52, March.
    7. Steven Shulman, 1990. "Racial inequality and white employment: An interpretation and test of the bargaining power hypothesis," The Review of Black Political Economy, Springer, vol. 18(3), pages 5-20, December.
    8. David Neumark, 1988. "Employers' Discriminatory Behavior and the Estimation of Wage Discrimination," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 23(3), pages 279-295.
    9. Alan S. Blinder, 1973. "Wage Discrimination: Reduced Form and Structural Estimates," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 8(4), pages 436-455.
    10. A. G. Holtmann & Todd L. Idson, 1993. "Wage Determination of Registered Nurses in Proprietary and Nonprofit Nursing Homes," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 28(1), pages 55-79.
    11. Folbre, Nancy, 1982. "Exploitation Comes Home: A Critique of the Marxian Theory of Family Labour," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 6(4), pages 317-29, December.
    12. Price, Richard & Mills, Edwin, 1985. "Race and residence in earnings determination," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(1), pages 1-18, January.
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