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A Tale Of Two “Globalizations”: Capital Flows From Rich To Poor In Two Eras Of Global Finance

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  • Moritz Schularick

    (Free University of Berlin)

Abstract

In this paper we take a comparative look at capital flows to less- developed countries in two eras of financial globalization. The paper extends recent research on the developmental effects of international financial integration, long-term trends in capital mobility and “globalization in historical perspective”. Analyzing the patterns of international financial integration in the three decades of the classical gold standard and after 1990 we show that investment in developing countries was a central element of 19th century financial globalization, but plays only a minor role today. The Lucas paradox of capital failing to flow from rich to poor has grown much stronger. In historical perspective, today’s financial globalization is marked by massive diversification flows between high-income economies and a relative marginalization of less-developed economies.

Suggested Citation

  • Moritz Schularick, 2005. "A Tale Of Two “Globalizations”: Capital Flows From Rich To Poor In Two Eras Of Global Finance," Economic History 0509001, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpeh:0509001
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Blog mentions

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    1. A Very Brief History of Foreign Investment
      by pseudoerasmus in Pseudoerasmus on 2014-07-09 15:03:24

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    Cited by:

    1. Michael D. Bordo & Christopher M. Meissner, 2007. "Foreign Capital and Economic Growth in the First Era of Globalization," NBER Working Papers 13577, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Corinne Deléchat & John Wakeman-Linn & Smita Wagh & Gustavo Ramirez, 2009. "Sub-Saharan Africa's Integration in the Global Financial Markets," IMF Working Papers 09/114, International Monetary Fund.
    3. Ahmed Abdullahi D., 2011. "International Financial Integration, Investment and Economic Performance in Sub-Saharan African Countries," Global Economy Journal, De Gruyter, vol. 11(4), pages 1-28, December.
    4. Moritz Schularick & Thomas Steger, 2006. "Does Financial Integration Spur Economic Growth? New Evidence from the First Era of Financial Globalization," CESifo Working Paper Series 1691, CESifo Group Munich.
    5. Keskinsoy, Bilal, 2017. "Taxi, Takeoff and Landing: Behavioural Patterns of Capital Flows to Emerging Markets," MPRA Paper 78129, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Mika Nieminen, 2017. "Patterns of international capital flows and their implications for developing countries," WIDER Working Paper Series 171, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    7. Geert Bekaert & Arnaud Mehl, 2017. "On the Global Financial Market Integration “Swoosh” and the Trilemma," NBER Working Papers 23124, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Hans J. Blommestein & Javier Santiso, 2007. "New Strategies for Emerging Domestic Sovereign Bond Markets," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 260, OECD Publishing.
    9. Herrmann, Sabine & Winkler, Adalbert, 2009. "Real convergence, financial markets, and the current account - Emerging Europe versus emerging Asia," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 100-123, August.
    10. Moritz Schularick & Paul Wachtel, 2012. "The Making of America's Imbalances," Working Papers 12-09, New York University, Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics.
    11. Sophie Nivoix & Dominique Pepin, 2009. "Intérêts et limites de la globalisation comme processus créateur d'investissement," Post-Print hal-00963658, HAL.
    12. repec:hal:wpaper:hal-00963658 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Atish R. Ghosh & Mahvash S Qureshi, 2016. "What’s In a Name? That Which We Call Capital Controls," IMF Working Papers 16/25, International Monetary Fund.
    14. Moritz Schularick & Thomas M Steger, 2010. "Financial Integration, Investment, and Economic Growth: Evidence from Two Eras of Financial Globalization," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 92(4), pages 756-768, November.
    15. Niall Ferguson & Moritz Schularick, 2005. "The Empire Effect: Country Risk in the First Age of Globalization, 1880-1913," Economic History 0509002, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    16. NI PUTU WIWIN SETYARI & Tri WIDODO & M. EDHIE PURNAWAN, 2016. "Labour Force Effects To Current Account Movement Of Asean + 6 Countries," Review of Economic and Business Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, issue 18, pages 183-209, December.
    17. Meissner, Christopher M., 2014. "Growth from Globalization? A View from the Very Long Run," Handbook of Economic Growth,in: Handbook of Economic Growth, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 8, pages 1033-1069 Elsevier.
    18. Madiha Bashir & Attiya Yasmin Javid, 2014. "Financial Flows, External Capital Structure, Institutions and Economic Growth in Asian Developing Economies," PIDE-Working Papers 2014:108, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
    19. Schularick, Moritz & Steger, Thomas M., 2008. "The Lucas Paradox and the quality of institutions: then and now," Discussion Papers 2008/3, Free University Berlin, School of Business & Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    globalization; capital flows; development finance; capital market integration; economic history;

    JEL classification:

    • F3 - International Economics - - International Finance

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