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Dispersión y Estabilidad de las Diferencias Salariales interestatales en México, 1984-2000

  • Willy W. Cortez

    (Departmento de Metodos Cuantitativos, CUCEA, Universidad de Guadalajara)

Economic liberalization has induced a new dynamics on wage setting and employment on Mexican labor market. These changes have been caused by two related events: productive restructuring and increasing labor market flexibility. To the extent that productive restructuring has implied significant regional changes, we assess if these regional changes have been accompanied by significant changes in cross state wage differences by educational levels. We find evidence that there is a small trend for the wage differences to decline among college graduates. However, the evidence among lower educational levels is less conclusive. Resumen La liberalización económica ha inducido una nueva dinámica de determinación de los salarios y el empleo en el mercado laboral Mexicano. Estos cambios han sido causados por dos eventos relacionados: la reestructuración productiva y a la creciente flexibilización del mercado laboral. En la medida que la reestructuración productiva ha implicado cambios regionales significativos, se evalúa si estos cambios regionales han venido acompañados de cambios significativos en las diferencias salariales interestatales por nivel educativo. Se encuentra evidencia de una ligera tendencia hacia la reducción de las diferencias salariales entre los trabajadores con educación universitaria. Para los niveles educativos inferiores la evidencia es menos concluyente.

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File URL: http://128.118.178.162/eps/dev/papers/0502/0502014.pdf
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Paper provided by EconWPA in its series Development and Comp Systems with number 0502014.

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Length: 47 pages
Date of creation: 14 Feb 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpdc:0502014
Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 47. 47 pages, pdf format, includes tables and graphs.
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://128.118.178.162

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  1. Knight, J B & Sabot, R H, 1983. "Educational Expansion and the Kuznets Effect," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 73(5), pages 1132-36, December.
  2. José A. Pagán & Miren Ullibarri, 2000. "Group Heterogeneity and the Gender Earnings Gap in Mexico," Economía Mexicana NUEVA ÉPOCA, , vol. 0(1), pages 23-40, January-J.
  3. Krueger, Alan B & Summers, Lawrence H, 1988. "Efficiency Wages and the Inter-industry Wage Structure," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 56(2), pages 259-93, March.
  4. Hernández-Licona, Gonzalo, 1997. "Oferta laboral familiar y desempleo en México. Los efectos de la pobreza," El Trimestre Económico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, vol. 0(256), pages 531-568, octubre-d.
  5. Hanson, G.H. & Harrison, A., 1995. "Trade, Technology and Wage Inequality," Papers 95-20, Columbia - Graduate School of Business.
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  7. Nicole M. Fortin & Thomas Lemieux, 1997. "Institutional Changes and Rising Wage Inequality: Is There a Linkage?," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 11(2), pages 75-96, Spring.
  8. Cragg, Michael Ian & Epelbaum, Mario, 1996. "Why has wage dispersion grown in Mexico? Is it the incidence of reforms or the growing demand for skills?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(1), pages 99-116, October.
  9. Gordon H. Hanson, 2003. "What Has Happened to Wages in Mexico since NAFTA?," NBER Working Papers 9563, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Feenstra, Robert C. & Hanson, Gordon H., 1997. "Foreign direct investment and relative wages: Evidence from Mexico's maquiladoras," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(3-4), pages 371-393, May.
  11. Cortez, Willy W., 2001. "What is Behind Increasing Wage Inequality in Mexico?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 29(11), pages 1905-1922, November.
  12. Aitken, B. & Harrison, A. & Lipsey, R.E., 1995. "Wages and Foreign Ownership: A Comparative Study of Mexico, Venezuela, and the United States," Papers 95-21, Columbia - Graduate School of Business.
  13. Peter Gottschalk, 1997. "Inequality, Income Growth, and Mobility: The Basic Facts," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 11(2), pages 21-40, Spring.
  14. Robert H. Topel, 1997. "Factor Proportions and Relative Wages: The Supply-Side Determinants of Wage Inequality," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 11(2), pages 55-74, Spring.
  15. Raymond Robertson, 2000. "Wage Shocks and North American Labor-Market Integration," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(4), pages 742-764, September.
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