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The Macroeconomic Social Accounting Matrix of Tunisia in 1996


  • Haykel Hadj Salem

    (GAINS - University of MAINE)


This paper shows the characteristics of the macroeconomic Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) of Tunisia in 1996. It is established that the SAM is one of the data bases of the Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) Models. These last years, the researchers have intensified the use of the SAM within the framework of the modelling of CGE within their work. The SAM is regarded as the general data base because it contains the whole relationship between the economic agents of a given economy, including the existing relationship on the level of table input – output. The SAM can be presented in two forms: the aggregate form (or macroeconomic) and desegregated form (or microeconomic). In this paper, we will focus on the first form of SAM corresponding to Tunisia during 1996. This study is made up of two sections. In the first section, we will present the construction of the unbalanced Macroeconomic Social Accounting Matrix (SAMmac) of Tunisia in 1996. This section includes three sub-sections. The first sub-section contains the accounts of our SAMmac in 1996. Then, the second sub-section will be devoted to the statistical sources used for the construction of our SAMmac. Finally, the last sub-section will concentrate on our SAMmac which is in imbalance because of the various sources used. We present, in the second section, the balancing of SAMmac of Tunisia in 1996 in basing upon the method known as ' Cross-Entropy '. Initially, in a first sub-section, we will define the ' Cross-Entropy ' approach. Then, in a second sub- section, we will use this last approach to balance our SAMmac. Conclusions follow.

Suggested Citation

  • Haykel Hadj Salem, 2004. "The Macroeconomic Social Accounting Matrix of Tunisia in 1996," Computational Economics 0410001, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpco:0410001
    Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 15. My paper present the way to balance the macro Social Accounting Matrix of TUnisia in 1996.

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Sherman Robinson & Andrea Cattaneo & Moataz El-Said, 2001. "Updating and Estimating a Social Accounting Matrix Using Cross Entropy Methods," Economic Systems Research, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(1), pages 47-64.
    2. Golan, Amos & Judge, George G. & Miller, Douglas, 1996. "Maximum Entropy Econometrics," Staff General Research Papers Archive 1488, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
    3. Robinson, Sherman & El-Said, Moataz, 2000. "GAMS code for estimating a social accounting matrix (SAM) using cross entropy methods (CE)," TMD discussion papers 64, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    4. McDougall, Robert A., 1999. "Entropy Theory and RAS are Friends," Working papers 283439, Purdue University, Center for Global Trade Analysis, Global Trade Analysis Project.
    5. McDougall, Robert, 1999. "Entropy Theory and RAS are Friends," GTAP Working Papers 300, Center for Global Trade Analysis, Department of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University.
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    More about this item


    Social Accounting Matrix; Cross-Entropy; Tunisia; balanced of the SAM;

    JEL classification:

    • C8 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs

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