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Relational Financing as an Institution and its Viability under Competition

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  • Masahiko Aoki
  • Serdar Dinc

Abstract

May 20, 1997 This paper presents a new, generic definition of relational financing that may cover a wide range of financial practices in different economies, ranging from the Japanese main bank relationship, to bank lending to smaller firms, and venture capital in the U.S. It then discusses various incentives of the financier to commit to relational financing and reviews the recent literature on issues about how those incentives are affected by increasing competition. One useful insight is that increasing competition is not necessarily harmful to relational financing. It then applies theoretical insights to problems of institutional transition in two Asian economies. It argues that the Japanese financial system will retain some aspects of relational financing even after the impending financial deregulation, although there will be a significant reduction in the bank's role in corporate governance. Finally, it assesses that the ongoing experiment of main bank relationship in China may be one of viable financial options for successful transition of the planned economy to a market economy, but cautions that more competition in the banking sector is necessary for relational banking to emerge as an institution.

Suggested Citation

  • Masahiko Aoki & Serdar Dinc, 1997. "Relational Financing as an Institution and its Viability under Competition," Working Papers 97011, Stanford University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:wop:stanec:97011
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    File URL: http://www-econ.stanford.edu/faculty/workp/swp97011.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Heinrich, Ralph P., 1999. "Complementarities in Corporate Governance - A Survey of the Literature with Special Emphasis on Japan," Kiel Working Papers 947, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    2. Gagliardi, Francesca, 2008. "Institutions and economic change: A critical survey of the new institutional approaches and empirical evidence," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 37(1), pages 416-443, February.
    3. Sylvie Cieply, 2001. "Bridging Capital Gaps To Promote Innovation In France," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(2), pages 159-178.
    4. Gregory Jackson & Martin Hopner & Antje Kurdelbusch, 2004. "Corporate Governance and Employees in Germany: Changing Linkages, Complementarities, and Tensions," Discussion papers 04008, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    5. Pasquale Lucio Scandizzo, 2004. "Financing Technology: An Assessment of Theory and Practice," CEIS Research Paper 43, Tor Vergata University, CEIS.
    6. Bharat N. Anand & Alexander Galetovic, 2006. "RELATIONSHIPS, COMPETITION AND THE STRUCTURE OF INVESTMENT BANKING MARKETS -super-," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 54(2), pages 151-199, June.
    7. Bharat N. Anand & Alexander Galetovic, 2002. "Investment Banking and Security Market Development: Does Finance Follow Industry?," Documentos de Trabajo 121, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
    8. Claudia M. Buch & Stefan M. Golder, 2000. "Foreign competition and disintermediation: no threat to the German banking system?," Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review, Banca Nazionale del Lavoro, vol. 53(213), pages 107-133.
    9. Bharant N. Anand & Alexander Galetovic, 2000. "Relationships, Competition, and the Structure of Investment Banking Markets," Documentos de Trabajo 96, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
    10. Bharat N. Anand & Alexander Galetovic, 2002. "Does Competition Kill Relationships? Inside Investment Banking," Documentos de Trabajo 119, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
    11. Masahiko Aoki, 1998. "An Information Theoretic Approach to Comparative Corporate Governance," Working Papers 99004, Stanford University, Department of Economics.
    12. Cieply Sylvie, 2001. "The Radical Change of French Firms’ Financial Characteristics. Macroeconomic Consequences and Lessons for Political Economics / Die französische Finanzrevolution. Die Folgen für die Finanzstruktur der," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 221(5-6), pages 556-576, October.
    13. Alexander Cobham, "undated". "The Financing and Technology Decisions of SMEs: I. Finance as a Determinant of Investment," QEH Working Papers qehwps24, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford.

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