The Short Term Impacts of Welfare Reform in Persistently Poor Rural Areas
Using administrative data and in-depth interviews, this case study reports on the short-term impact of welfare reform in persistently poor rural areas of central Appalachia, the Mississippi Delta, the Lower Rio Grande Valley, and Indian reservations in South Dakota. The regions' significant labor demand deficiencies call into question whether welfare reform policies will be as effective. A key finding is that in persistently poor rural areas, reform has made it more difficult for the poor to include public assistance, when necessary, as part of their household income basket. Resulting hardship has increased, but the hardship is not as extreme as some had predicted.
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|Date of creation:||26 Jun 2000|
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- John M. Fitzgerald, 1995. "Local labor markets and local area effects on welfare duration," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 14(1), pages 43-67.
- O'Neill, June A & Bassi, Laurie J & Wolf, Douglas A, 1987. "The Duration of Welfare Spells," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 69(2), pages 241-48, May.
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