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Welfare, Poverty, and Financial Strain In Urban African American Families with Adolescent Daughters

Listed author(s):
  • Rebekah Levine Coley
  • P. Lindsay Chase-Lansdale
Registered author(s):

    Using a representative sample of African American adolescent girls in impoverished urban neighborhoods in Chicago, we consider income-related predictors (poverty, financial strain, welfare receipt, and welfare exposure) of adolescents' job preparation and nonmarital childbearing risk. The most consistent predictor is maternal financial strain, linked to poor adjustment in all arenas of adolescent functioning. Maternal welfare receipt predicts higher school grades in youth, but welfare exposure is related to lower grades and greater pregnancy experience. We discuss implications for families as federal welfare reforms alter the income sources and financial situations of many poor families.

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    Paper provided by Northwestern University/University of Chicago Joint Center for Poverty Research in its series JCPR Working Papers with number 116.

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    Date of creation: 01 Aug 1999
    Handle: RePEc:wop:jopovw:116
    Contact details of provider: Postal:
    Harris Graduate School of Public Policy Studies, 1155 E. 60th Street Chicago, IL 60637

    Phone: 773-702-0472
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    1. Lundberg, Shelly & Plotnick, Robert D, 1995. "Adolescent Premarital Childbearing: Do Economic Incentives Matter?," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 13(2), pages 177-200, April.
    2. Maynard, Rebecca, 1995. "Teenage childbearing and welfare reform: Lessons from a decade of demonstration and evaluation research," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 17(1-2), pages 309-332.
    3. Andrew Cherlin & Kathleen Kiernan & P. Chase-Lansdale, 1995. "Parental divorce in childhood and demographic outcomes in young adulthood," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 32(3), pages 299-318, August.
    4. Laura D. Pittman & P. Lindsay Chase-Lansdale, 1999. "African American Adolescent Girls in Impoverished Communities: Quality of Parenting and Adolescent Outcomes," JCPR Working Papers 119, Northwestern University/University of Chicago Joint Center for Poverty Research.
    5. An, Chong-Bum & Haveman, Robert & Wolfe, Barbara, 1993. "Teen Out-of-Wedlock Births and Welfare Receipt: The Role of Childhood Events and Economic Circumstances," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 75(2), pages 195-208, May.
    6. Mignon R. Moore & P. Lindsay Chase-Lansdale, 1999. "Sexual Intercourse and Pregnancy among African American Adolescent Girls in High-Poverty Neighborhoods: The Role of Family and Perceived Community Environment," JCPR Working Papers 117, Northwestern University/University of Chicago Joint Center for Poverty Research.
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