IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Specialization and Technology in Mexico: A Virtual Pattern of Development and Competitiveness?


  • M. Capdevielle
  • M. Cimoli
  • G. Dutrenit


By the end of the 80s and the beginning of the 90s, Mexico has shown important transformations in its pattern of industrialization and competitiveness. It is hard to determine whether this pattern might become a successful one in the near future. However, some points about the features which are presently prevailing can be emphasized: 1) The structural change in the composition of Mexican exports and the improved performance in competitiveness when the dynamics in market shares are considered. This pattern is mainly related to again in competitiveness which is supported by what has been defined in terms of static allocative efficiency. Still, when actual competitiveness is analyzed, domestic industry appears to maintain the traditional structure which emerged during the ISI period. In a sense, sectors and firms that developed technical capabilities and economies of scale in this period possess higher opportunities to achieve actual competitiveness. 2) The specificity of this pattern seems to support the hypothesis that the new Mexican specialization has not been followed by a change in both the development of production capacity and technological capabilities. Moreover, when the analysis is extended in the most recent years, it seems to confirm how the maquila industry is one of the leading actors in industrial modernization. The diffusion of this type of industry introduces only very weak linkages with domestic productive sectors, strengthening the specificities of the competitiveness pattern in terms of production capacity and technological capabilities.

Suggested Citation

  • M. Capdevielle & M. Cimoli & G. Dutrenit, 1997. "Specialization and Technology in Mexico: A Virtual Pattern of Development and Competitiveness?," Working Papers ir97016, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis.
  • Handle: RePEc:wop:iasawp:ir97016

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Cimoli, Mario & Dosi, Giovanni, 1995. "Technological Paradigms, Patterns of Learning and Development: An Introductory Roadmap," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 5(3), pages 243-268, September.
    2. Casar, José I., 1995. "La industria mexicana a principios de los noventa," Sede de la CEPAL en Santiago (Estudios e Investigaciones) 30345, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    3. Mortimore, Michael, 1995. "Restructuring and international competitiveness: the Mexican automobile industry," Sede de la CEPAL en Santiago (Estudios e Investigaciones) 30470, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    4. Calderón Hoffmann, Alvaro & Mortimore, Michael & Peres Núñez, Wilson, 1995. "Mexico's incorporation into the new industrial order: foreign investment as a source of international competitiveness," Desarrollo Productivo 21, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Alcorta, Ludovico & Peres, Wilson, 1995. "Innovation Systems and Technological Specialization in Latin America and the Caribbean," UNU-INTECH Discussion Paper Series 1995-09, United Nations University - INTECH.
    2. Hsin-Ting Huang & Marcela Miozzo, 2004. "Patterns of technological specialisation in Latin American and East Asian countries: an analysis of patents and trade flows," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(7), pages 615-653.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wop:iasawp:ir97016. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Thomas Krichel). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.