The Geography of Regional Clusters in Romania and Their Importance for Entrepreneurial Activities
Regional clusters and entrepreneurship have become very popular subjects in economics, regional science, and economic geography. In the last decade, a large number of scientific papers investigate the empirical evidence for clusters, their definition, and their implications for economic policy. Also, a series of working tools for regional cluster analyses have been proposed. Entrepreneurial attitudes and activities interact and their characteristics are normally bound to the region. Local entrepreneurial attitudes and entrepreneurial activities can be the starting-point for the evolution of a regional cluster. There are lots of arguments for the hypothesis that existing regional clusters have positive impacts on entrepreneurial attitudes and entrepreneurial activities. But, exist only few analyses refering to the relationship between clusters attributes of a region and the entrepreneurial activities in the same region. From our knoledge, it is not such of analyses about Romania. This paper aims to identify regions with functional or potential industrial clusters, from Romania, and to analyse their impact on the entrepreneurial environment. Data about all the companies acting in Romania in 2011 is used to elaborate the spatial clusters in the most concentrated Romania industries. A second data set, collected as part of the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM), serves to assess the relationship between regional clusters and entrepreneurial activities and attitudes. GEM intends to measure the level of entrepreneurial activities and to identify the individual factors and the entrepreneurial framework conditions that may explain differences in the levels between the regions of Romania and the entire country.The paper tests the empirically proven hypothesis which stipulates that the existence of one or several industrial clusters in a region has a positive impact on the number of start-ups and attitudes in the same region. The results obtained from descriptive and regression analyses have shown that there is a positive relationship between the number of clusters and the number of employees in clusters in Romanian regions on the one hand and entrepreneurial activities and entrepreneurial attitudes like the assessment of good start-up opportunities on the other.
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Mercedes Delgado & Michael E. Porter & Scott Stern, 2010.
"Clusters and entrepreneurship,"
Journal of Economic Geography,
Oxford University Press, vol. 10(4), pages 495-518, July.
- Mercedes Delgado & Michael Porter & Scott Stern, 2010. "Clusters and Entrepreneurship," Working Papers 10-31, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
- Amiti, Mary, 1998. "New Trade Theories and Industrial Location in the EU: A Survey of Evidence," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 14(2), pages 45-53, Summer. Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa12p1075. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Gunther Maier)
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.