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Technical progress effects on productivity and growth in the Commonwealth of Nations (1993-2009)


  • Fernando Barreiro-Pereira



ABSTRACT. The productivity generated by capital goods is not uniform along the time. When there exist conventional physical capital goods the productivity obtained is minor that the one generated by quality capital goods. To obtain a correct measure of growth in presence of this embodied technical progress there exist three schools: first, the traditional growth accounting school appears due to limitations existing in the measures in efficiency units of the quality of the real investment, because of the investment is not really comparable along the time. The analysis is based in to adjust the quality or productivity of the investment goods constructing hedonic prices indices. This school is represented among others by Hulten (1992), Jovanovic and Nyarko (1996), Bartelsman and Dhrymes (1998), and Gordon (1999). The second school analyzes the productivity using longitudinal micro-level data sets. The most important contributions of this school are Griliches and Ringstad (1971), Olley and Pakes (1996), Caves (1998), McGuckin and Stiroh (1999), and Tybout (2000). The third school is the equilibrium growth accounting school, which measures the balance growth by means of vintage capital models, being represented by Greenwood, Hercowitz and Krusell (1997), Campbell (1998), Hobijn (2000), and Comin (2002). The main aim of this paper is to analyze which are the effects of the two form of technical progress, neutral and directly embodied while capital is accumulated, on the economic growth and the labour productivity. The application has been made to compare the responsibility of the embodied technical progress on the economic growth and productivity during the period (1993-2009) in the most representative economies of the Commonwealth of Nations. The vintage capital model has been made taking quarterly and annual data to each country, coming from the OECD Statistics. We use multivariate time series and cointegration techniques, in special autoregressive integrated moving average and vector autoregressive models (VAR), and autoregressive distributed lags models (ARDL). Keywords: Endogenous technical progress, Vintage capital, Investment-specific technological change. JEL Class: O47, O57.

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  • Fernando Barreiro-Pereira, 2011. "Technical progress effects on productivity and growth in the Commonwealth of Nations (1993-2009)," ERSA conference papers ersa11p1677, European Regional Science Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa11p1677

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Jorgenson, Dale W., 1966. "The Embodiment Hypothesis," Scholarly Articles 3403063, Harvard University Department of Economics.
    2. Greenwood, Jeremy & Hercowitz, Zvi & Krusell, Per, 1997. "Long-Run Implications of Investment-Specific Technological Change," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 87(3), pages 342-362, June.
    3. Claudio Michelacci & David Lopez-Salido, 2007. "Technology Shocks and Job Flows," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 74(4), pages 1195-1227.
    4. Giovanni Amendola & Giovanni Dosi & Erasmo Papagni, 1993. "The dynamics of international competitiveness," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 129(3), pages 451-471, September.
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    JEL classification:

    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries

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