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Knowledge spillovers – Mobility of highly educated workers within high technology sector in Finland

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  • Kirsi Mukkala

Abstract

The economic development and technological progress of a region are highly dependent on the accumulation and diffusion of knowledge. There are numerous channels through which knowledge might be transmitted. In this study, it is assumed that regional mobility of highly educated and innovative intensive workers between firms, organisations or institutions secures the diffusion and circulation of the knowledge. Hence, this analysis will concentrate on the regional job flows of individuals working in the high technology sector. The main topics of interest are: (1) to analyse the personal and household characteristics of the typical highly educated migrants within high technology sector, and (2) to evaluate the rate of labour turnover in different sub-sectors and regions. The empirical analysis of the paper is based on data from the Finnish Longitudinal Census File. Methodologically, the worker flows between regions are modelled by the maximum likelihood estimation which employs cross-sectional binary logit model, based on logistic distribution.

Suggested Citation

  • Kirsi Mukkala, 2005. "Knowledge spillovers – Mobility of highly educated workers within high technology sector in Finland," ERSA conference papers ersa05p279, European Regional Science Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa05p279
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    1. Breschi, Stefano & Lissoni, Francesco, 2001. "Knowledge Spillovers and Local Innovation Systems: A Critical Survey," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 10(4), pages 975-1005, December.
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    3. Manfred M. Fischer & Attila Varga, 2003. "Spatial knowledge spillovers and university research: Evidence from Austria," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, pages 303-322.
    4. Robert J. Barro & Xavier Sala-i-Martin, 1991. "Convergence across States and Regions," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, pages 107-182.
    5. Antolin, Pablo & Bover, Olympia, 1997. "Regional Migration in Spain: The Effect of Personal Characteristics and of Unemployment, Wage and House Price Differentials Using Pooled Cross-Sections," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 59(2), pages 215-235, May.
    6. Jari Ritsila & Marko Ovaskainen, 2001. "Migration and regional centralization of human capital," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(3), pages 317-325.
    7. Barro, Robert J & Sala-i-Martin, Xavier, 1992. "Convergence," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 100(2), pages 223-251, April.
    8. Stefano Breschi & Francesco Lissoni, 2003. "Mobility and Social Networks: Localised Knowledge Spillovers Revisited," KITeS Working Papers 142, KITeS, Centre for Knowledge, Internationalization and Technology Studies, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy, revised Mar 2003.
    9. Lucas, Robert Jr., 1988. "On the mechanics of economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 3-42, July.
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