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Regional knowledge transfer through public research spin-offs

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  • Egeln, Juergen

    ()

  • Gottschalk, Sandra

    ()

  • Rammer, Dr. Christian

    ()

Abstract

New ventures stemming from universities and public research institutions have attracted increasing amounts of interest in the field of innovation politics over the last few years. Significant contributions to knowledge and technology transfer is expected from academic spin-offs, who are seen as transfer hubs, quickly creating exceptional products or processes and methods for economic use out of the newest scientific research results. Regions that are sites for research facilities are hoping that the new spin-offs will result in a strengthening of their own venture's innovative capabilities. First and foremost, this paper outlines representative empirical results of the founding of new academic spin-off ventures stemming from universities and public research institutions in germany. The main points of discussion will be the following: 1.) Presentation of the methods used to identify academic spin-offs, whose involvement with significant new research results, led to the establishment of the new venture. 2.) Relevance analysis of the regional proximity of scientific research institutions and their influence in the launch and continued relationship with new ventures. A geographical distance analysis is used. 3.) Identification of spin-off intensities in different industries, regions and categories of incubator institutions. 4.) Econometric analysis of the influence of success factors on spin-offs in comparison to other ventures with a corresponding business segment. This is performed with help of a semi-parametric control-group. 5.) Discussion on the usefulness of technology transfer hubs resulting from new spin-off ventures in the innovative development of regions. The data pool that is being presented here, consists of empirical results from a 1996 to 2000 ZEW survey of about 20,000 new ventures in technology or knowledge based industries and service sectors.

Suggested Citation

  • Egeln, Juergen & Gottschalk, Sandra & Rammer, Dr. Christian, 2002. "Regional knowledge transfer through public research spin-offs," ERSA conference papers ersa02p184, European Regional Science Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa02p184
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Almus, Matthias & Engel, Dirk & Prantl, Susanne, 2000. "The Mannheim Foundation Panels of the Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW)," ZEW Dokumentationen 00-02, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    2. Adam B. Jaffe & Manuel Trajtenberg & Rebecca Henderson, 1993. "Geographic Localization of Knowledge Spillovers as Evidenced by Patent Citations," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 108(3), pages 577-598.
    3. Beise, Marian & Stahl, Harald, 1999. "Public research and industrial innovations in Germany," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 28(4), pages 397-422, April.
    4. Bania, Neil & Eberts, Randall W & Fogarty, Michael S, 1993. "Universities and the Startup of New Companies: Can We Generalize from Route 128 and Silicon Valley?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 75(4), pages 761-766, November.
    5. Attila Varga, 2000. "Local Academic Knowledge Transfers and the Concentration of Economic Activity," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 40(2), pages 289-309.
    6. Cowan, Robin & Foray, Dominique, 1997. "The Economics of Codification and the Diffusion of Knowledge," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 6(3), pages 595-622, September.
    7. Attila Varga, 1998. "Local academic knowledge spillovers and the concentration of economic activity," ERSA conference papers ersa98p493, European Regional Science Association.
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    Cited by:

    1. Stephen Roper & Nola Hewitt-Dundas & James H Love, 2003. "An Ex Ante Evaluation Framework for the Regional Impact of Publicly Supported R&D Projects," ERSA conference papers ersa03p100, European Regional Science Association.

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