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A Systemic Industrial Policy to Pave a New Growth Path for Europe


  • Karl Aiginger



The European Union is a successful integration experiment, with an increasing number of member countries and an unexpected depth of integration. According to many indicators, it is the largest economic region in the world, leading in many "beyond GDP" indicators representing well being including non material goals. The EU has, however, lost economic dynamic in the last decades and has failed to catch up with the USA in technology and per-capita GDP. Europe has internal disequilibria, its population is ageing and it did not follow its own innovation strategy. Three questions arise in this context: 1. whether Europe should try to go back to the core (deepening integration for a smaller homogenous group), 2. whether it should go for a low road strategy of competitiveness (lowering wages and taxes, forfeiting high quality specialisation and sophisticated standards), and 3. whether it should actively try to develop its own "European Model" and offer this model to its neighbors. A European research project was tendered by the European Commission in order to analyse options for Europe in the globalised world. This 7th Framework Programme project, with the acronym "WWWforEurope", will provide evidence-based research in support of the Europe 2020 Strategy in its four-year in-depth research to be carried out by WIFO and 32 international partners. One important aspect of this strategy is a new "Systemic Industrial and Innovation Policy" (SIIP) which is pulled by the vision of a new growth path of social development and higher emphasis on sustainability. SIIP is further pushed by internal and external competition, openness as well as new technologies and capabilities. This working paper provides some first tentative answers to the three raised questions above. It furthermore sketches the broader research question, challenges and research areas to be answered in the WWWforEurope programme.

Suggested Citation

  • Karl Aiginger, 2012. "A Systemic Industrial Policy to Pave a New Growth Path for Europe," WIFO Working Papers 421, WIFO.
  • Handle: RePEc:wfo:wpaper:y:2012:i:421

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Peneder, Michael, 2010. "Technological regimes and the variety of innovation behaviour: Creating integrated taxonomies of firms and sectors," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(3), pages 323-334, April.
    2. Karl Aiginger & Susanne Sieber, 2006. "The Matrix Approach to Industrial Policy," International Review of Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 20(5), pages 573-601.
    3. Philippe Aghion & Julian Boulanger & Elie Cohen, 2011. "Rethinking industrial policy," Policy Briefs 566, Bruegel.
    4. Karl Aiginger, 2006. "Competitiveness: From a Dangerous Obsession to a Welfare Creating Ability with Positive Externalities," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Springer, vol. 6(2), pages 161-177, June.
    5. Karl Aiginger, 2007. "Industrial Policy: A Dying Breed or A Re-emerging Phoenix," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Springer, vol. 7(3), pages 297-323, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:wfo:wstudy:58553 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:wfo:wstudy:46867 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:wfo:wstudy:46917 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Karl Aiginger, 2013. "A New Strategy for the European Periphery," WIFO Working Papers 443, WIFO.
    5. Susanna Ulinski, 2015. "Corporate Social Innovation as a Driver of Performance and Welfare," WWWforEurope Policy Paper series 25, WWWforEurope.
    6. Eckhard Hein & Daniel Detzer, 2014. "Coping with imbalances in the Euro area: Policy alternatives addressing divergences and disparities between member countries," Working papers wpaper63, Financialisation, Economy, Society & Sustainable Development (FESSUD) Project.
    7. Karl Aiginger, 2012. "Social Policy Against Budgetary Bottlenecks and Fiscal Pact," WIFO Working Papers 440, WIFO.
    8. repec:wfo:wstudy:47019 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Shahid Yusuf, 2014. "There was once a Korean Model," Asian-Pacific Economic Literature, Asia Pacific School of Economics and Government, The Australian National University, vol. 28(2), pages 88-96, November.
    10. Karl Aiginger, 2016. "Deficits and Strengths in Austrian Competitiveness," FIW Policy Brief series 029, FIW.
    11. repec:wfo:wstudy:47018 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Christian Grabas & Alexander Nützenadel, 2013. "Industrial Policies in Europe in Historical Perspective," WWWforEurope Working Papers series 15, WWWforEurope.
    13. Klaus S. Friesenbichler, 2016. "Policy interaction and the integration of volatile renewable energy," Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, Springer;Society for Environmental Economics and Policy Studies - SEEPS, vol. 18(2), pages 193-211, April.
    14. repec:wfo:wstudy:58500 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. Michael Böheim, 2016. "Environmental Policy as a Core Element of Systemic Industrial Policy to Encourage Sustainable Economic Growth," WIFO Monatsberichte (monthly reports), WIFO, vol. 89(1), pages 39-46, January.

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    European socioeconomic model; EU 2020 Strategy; industrial policy; innovation strategy;

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