Eastern Europe and Russian Federation - Distributional impact of cash and in-kind social transfers in Eastern Europe and Russia
The author empirically explores the distributional impactof social transfers in cash and in-kind in Russia and Eastern Europe. He shows that cash transfers, on the whole, are distributed almost uniformly (equally per capita) regardless of one's position in income distribution. By contrast, in market economies, absolute amounts of cash transfers decline as one moves up the income ladder. The family allowance is the only type of cash transfer that is somewhat focused on the poor in the socialist economies. Family allowances are paid for children, and since larger households are typically poorer, some redistribution is achieved. Education benefits are also slanted slightly toward the poor, primarily through the high share of public spending on primary education. As the level of schooling rises, the distribution of education benefits resembles more closely the distribution of income. Health care benefits are distributed uniformly, per capita. In market economies, on the other hand, public health benefits are targeted more to the poor - primarily because the rich often opt out of publicly-run programs. During the transition, cash benefits in the formely socialist countries must become more targeted as well as smaller in absolute amounts. The reforming socialist economies are likely to follow the corporatist earnings-linked model of continental Europe.
|Date of creation:||31 Dec 1992|
|Date of revision:|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: |
Phone: (202) 477-1234
Web page: http://www.worldbank.org/
More information through EDIRC
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Davies, J. B. & Shorrocks, A. F., 1989. "Optimal grouping of income and wealth data," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 42(1), pages 97-108, September.
- Morrisson, Christian, 1984. "Income distribution in East European and Western countries," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 8(2), pages 121-138, June.
- Sandstrom, Arne & Wretman, Jan H & Walden, Bertil, 1988. "Variance Estimators of the Gini Coefficient--Probability Sampling," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 6(1), pages 113-19, January.
- Bergson, Abram, 1984. "Income Inequality under Soviet Socialism," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 22(3), pages 1052-99, September.
- Okrasa, W., 1988. "Redistribution and the two dimensions of inequality : An east-west comparison," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 32(2-3), pages 633-643, March.
- Danziger, Sheldon & Haveman, Robert H & Smolensky, Eugene, 1977. "The Measurement and Trend of Inequality: Comment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 67(3), pages 505-12, June.
- Paglin, Morton, 1975. "The Measurement and Trend of Inequality: A Basic Revision," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 65(4), pages 598-609, September.
- Jenkins, Stephen, 1988. "Reranking and the Analysis of Income Redistribution," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 35(1), pages 65-76, February.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:1054. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Roula I. Yazigi)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.