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La mobilité des salaires sur le cycle de vie : un échantillon de cadres français sur trente ans

Listed author(s):
  • François Bourguignon
  • Christian Morrisson

[eng] Earnings mobility over the life-cycle : A 30-years panel sampfle of french " cadres " François Bourguignon., Christian Morrisson This papers is based on a panel of " executives " born in 1920 whose earnings are observal from 1945-1950 until 1977. Over 1950-1977, earnings mobility seems important since most individuals jump from an incarne class to another. However, the correlation between earnings in 1950 and 1977 remains quite significant since 18 % over the variance of earnings in 1977 is explained by earnings in 1950. On the other hand, that correlation sharply drops, and becomes almost negligible, when a longer period (1945-1977) is considered. This shows that, even if there still is some mobility after 40, the first ten years play a crucial role in an executive career. Inequality over the life cycle is alno measurel, showing a drop of 20 % to 35 %, according to the inequality index and the length of the period, in comparison with the average annual inequality. Finally, an econometric model of variance decomposition is estimated in ordre to explain those varions results. [fre] Cette étude est fondée sur un échantillon de cadres nés en 1920 dont on connaît le salaire de 1945 ou 1950 à 1977. Sur la période 1950-1977, il y a une mobilité importante dans la mesure où la majorité des individus change de tranche de revenu, mais la corrélation entre les salaires en 1950 et 1977 demeure significative .(des écarts de salaires à 30 ans contribuent pour 18 % à ceux à 57 ans). En revanche, la corrélation entre les salaires en 1945 et en 1977 est insignifiante. Ceci montre que, même si l'on observe encore une réelle mobilité après 40 ans, les dix premières années jouent un rôle essentiel dans la carrière d'un cadre. La réduction de l'inégalité, si l'on considère le total des salaires perçus par rapport à l'inégalité moyenne chaque année, est importante sur l'ensemble de la vie active (— 20 à — 35 % selon l'indicateur d'inégalité). Finalement, un modèle économétrique de décomposition de la variance explique l'ensemble de ces résultats.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 35 (1984)
Issue (Month): 5 ()
Pages: 929-970

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Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1984_num_35_5_408812
Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1984.408812
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  1. Lillard, Lee A & Willis, Robert J, 1978. "Dynamic Aspects of Earning Mobility," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(5), pages 985-1012, September.
  2. Milton Friedman, 1957. "Introduction to "A Theory of the Consumption Function"," NBER Chapters,in: A Theory of the Consumption Function, pages 1-6 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Formby, John P & Seaks, Terry G, 1980. "Paglin's Gini Measure of Inequality: A Modification," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 70(3), pages 479-482, June.
  4. Milton Friedman, 1957. "A Theory of the Consumption Function," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number frie57-1, November.
  5. Creedy, J & Hart, P E, 1979. "Age and the Distribution of Earnings," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 89(354), pages 280-293, June.
  6. Paglin, Morton, 1975. "The Measurement and Trend of Inequality: A Basic Revision," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 65(4), pages 598-609, September.
  7. Shorrocks, A F, 1976. "Income Mobility and the Markov Assumption," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 86(343), pages 566-578, September.
  8. Schiller, Bradley R, 1977. "Relative Earnings Mobility in the United States," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 67(5), pages 926-941, December.
  9. Wertz, Kenneth L, 1979. "The Measurement of Inequality: Comment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 69(4), pages 670-672, September.
  10. André Villeneuve, 1978. "Les revenus primaires des ménages en 1975," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 103(1), pages 59-72.
  11. Hause, John C, 1980. "The Fine Structure of Earnings and the On-the-Job Training Hypothesis," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(4), pages 1013-1029, May.
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